bobbin

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bobbin,

implement on which thread is wound, used in sewing, spinning, weaving, and lace making. Sometimes the wooden spools of sewing thread are called bobbins. The bobbin of a sewing machine is a metal cylinder, with a flange at each end, on which the lower thread is wound to be carried through the shuttle to the seam. In some primitive handweaving the weft, or woof, was wound on a bobbin flanged at one end and passed or carried by it through the warp. In tapestry weaving, bobbin looms are essential, as weft strands of different colors must go back and forth for the distance required by the design, somewhat in the manner of an embroidery needle darning in a pattern. In making pillow lace, bobbins form an important part of the equipment, as each thread of the pattern requires a different bobbin; intricate patterns call for hundreds of bobbins to hold the fine thread in order. Bobbins for lace making are made in various shapes and sizes, from a variety of materials, as walnut, rosewood, boxwood, and olive wood, glass, metal, ivory, coral, malachite, and bamboo, and are ornamented with carving, painting, or engraving.

bobbin

[′bäb·ən]
(electromagnetism)
An insulated spool serving as a support for a coil.
(textiles)
A cylinder with projecting edges at one or both ends and a hole along the axis, used for winding twisted strands of textile fiber, thread, or yarn.

bobbin

1. a spool or reel on which thread or yarn is wound, being unwound as required; spool; reel
2. narrow braid or cord used as binding or for trimming
3. 
a. a spool on which insulated wire is wound to form the coil of a small electromagnetic device, such as a bell or buzzer
b. the coil of such a spool
References in periodicals archive ?
A special "Lycra kit" is available for yarn end finder station of fully automatic winding machines, in order to grant the highest efficiency for the bobbin preparation in presence of single or dual-core yarns.
Soon, the Garston branch became the country's largest bobbin manufacturer and provided work for hundreds of families across the region.
Old beaded bobbins are fascinating examples of early folk art, while other interesting finds include bobbin winders, parchment patterns, lace makers' lamps, stools and pillows.
For the first time, "Barella" examined the direct correlation between increasing the speed of winding bobbin and the thread hairiness.
There's no need to halt the production process when bobbins run out, or when the fabric specification needs to be changed.
The substance was being smuggled inside the bobbin of a machine usually used to operate suspended cable cars.
Bobbins becomes more interested in being the old lady's favourite while Frank is focused on trying to prove to PC MacBean she's not shallow.
Years ago children would often make their own toys like the dolly bobbins as there weren't as many toys around in the shops.
Among his clients were Barbra Streisand, Mel Gibson, Emma Thompson and Woody Allen, Bobbins said.
According to Eaton, Zytel HTN enables excellent molding productivity, flowing readily to fill the thin-wall bobbins.
But some of the bobbin girls [workers who thread string or yarn] are afraid to leave their machines.