Bobby Fischer


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Related to Bobby Fischer: Boris Spassky

Fischer, Bobby

(Robert James Fischer) (fĭsh`ər), 1943–2008, American chess player, b. Chicago. In 1958, he became a grandmaster, the youngest to that time. In the Interzonal and Candidates' matches in 1970 and 1971 he won an unprecedented 20 straight games to qualify to challenge Boris SpasskySpassky, Boris,
1937–, Soviet chess champion. A child prodigy, he became an international master at the age of 16 and in 1955, at age 18, he became an international grand master.
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 for the world championship. When he overwhelmed Spassky in 1972, he became the only American world titlist and, according to a consensus of contemporary grandmasters, the strongest chess player in history. From then until 1992, Fischer did not play a single game of chess in public. He forfeited his world title in 1975 after a rules dispute with the International Federation of Chess, and turned down lucrative offers to play again. In 1992 he was indicted after participating in a exhibition match with Spassky in Yugoslavia, against which the United States had an economic boycott. He subsequently lived abroad as a fugitive and was arrested (2004) in Japan for traveling on a revoked passport; he was allowed to leave (2005) for Iceland after it granted him citizenship.

Bibliography

See his My 60 Memorable Games (1972, repr. 2009); biographies by F. Brady (1965 and 2011); D. Edmonds and J. Eldinow, Bobby Fischer Goes to War (2004); G. Kasparov, Garry Kasparov on Fischer (2005).

Fischer, (Robert James) Bobby

(1943–  ) chess player; born in Chicago. Raised in Brooklyn after his parents divorced in 1945, he learned to play chess when he was six and won the U.S. junior and senior titles at age 14. In 1972 he captured the world championship from Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, while competing for what was then the largest purse ($250,000) offered in any sport outside boxing. Amid praise for his "classicist" style, the win set off a short-lived U.S. chess boom. A longtime nemesis of tournament officials for his tantrums and phobias, he failed in 1975 to agree to terms for a title defense against Anatoly Karpov and was stripped of his crown by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Echecs). Afterwards he refused to compete in public, lived in virtual seclusion in the Los Angeles area, and was briefly active in the fundamentalist Worldwide Church of God.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) In a 2004 file photo, reclusive chess genius Bobby Fischer is escorted out of an immigration office in Japan.
He added: "We've tried to recreate the classic '70s chess match involving Bobby Fischer.
And if she is confirmed as the daughter of Bobby Fischer, then by Icelandic law she is his legal heir.
According to John Bosnitch, who heads the Tokyo-based Committee to Free Bobby Fischer, ''This has been a very long and tiring struggle to free Bobby Fischer.
Bobby Fischer Against The World (12A, s 93 mins) As a teenager, Bobby Fischer became one of the dominant forces in chess, winning tournaments with dazzling skill that would eventually lead him to take the world championship from the Russian player Boris Spassky.
20, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- To support the premiere of Liz Garbus' highly-anticipated HBO Documentary Film, Bobby Fischer Against the World, debuting at the Sundance Film Festival this week, the World Chess Hall of Fame and Museum will bring chess to the Park City spotlight and celebrate the game's rich historical and cultural impact on society.
THE remains of chess genius Bobby Fischer are to be exhumed to determine whether he is the father of a nine-yearold girl, a lawyer for the child and her mother said yesterday.
TODAY we look at the second of two matches played by a regular reader of this column, PR Wainscoat, of Marsh, using the computer program Fritz9 to attempt to simulate the play of the late world champion Bobby Fischer.
YOU need to be of a certain age - and have an interest in chess - to remember Bobby Fischer v Boris Spassky in 1972.
Reclusive chess genius Bobby Fischer who became a Cold War hero by dethroning the Soviet Union's Boris Spassky as world champion in 1972, has died aged 64.
Of which rock group is Roger Daltrey the lead beaten by Bobby Fischer in the final of the singer?
A regular reader of this column, PR Wainscoat of Marsh, used Fritz9 to try out some lines as might have been played by the late world champion Bobby Fischer, whose title success I have to thank for kindling my interest in the game.