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(bä`bər) [Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
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 (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia. His early life was spent in an ultimately unsuccessful struggle to retain his inheritance and to recover Samarkand (Timur's capital) from the Uzbeks. In 1504, however, he captured Kabul and established a kingdom in Afghanistan. After the failure of his final attempt (1512) on Samarkand, Babur began raids southward into India. In 1525, responding to an invitation from the governor of the Punjab to overthrow the sultan of Delhi, Babur launched an invasion. Although his force was small, he defeated the sultan at Panipat in 1526 and captured Agra and Delhi. He ultimately conquered nearly all of N India. Babur was also a distinguished poet. His autobiography, The Baburnama (tr. by A. S. Beveridge, 1922, and by W. M. Thackston, 1996), is his most important work. His son Humayun succeeded him. Babur's name is also transliterated Baber and Babar.


See biographies by F. Grenard (tr. 1930, repr. 1971) and M. Hasan (1986); study by R. D. Palsokar (1971).


, Babar, Babur
original name Zahir ud-Din Mohammed 1483--1530, founder of the Mogul Empire: conquered India in 1526
References in periodicals archive ?
Talking to Bobur Girgin, the Chief Minister Sindh said that we here have a lot of untapped resources which are yet to be utilized.
Bobur Girgin, newly designated Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey, while talking to the Chief Minister Sindh expressed his interest in the development of economic and social relationship.
On the evening of May 13, according to the testimony of several witnesses, military vehicles drove into Bobur Square, where up to 3,000 persons had gathered, and fired indiscriminately into the crowd without warning on more than one instance.
Shamil Atakhanov, Vice Prime Minister, Kubanychbek Kulmatov Head of the State Customs Service, Koisun Kurmanalieva, Governor of Talas Oblast and Bobur Alimov, Senior Portfolio Management Specialist of the Asian Development Bank Kyrgyz Resident Mission participated in the opening ceremony, ADB announced.
ADB's last project in 2010, which was approved by the Board of Directors of the Asian Development Bank, aims at improvement of the energy sector of Kyrgyzstan, reported Acting Director of ADB in Kyrgyzstan Bobur Alimov.
According to national legislation of Kyrgyzstan agreements between ABD and the government should be ratified by the parliament, stated Acting Director of ADB in Kyrgyzstan Bobur Alimov.