Bodily Injury

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Bodily Injury

 

in Soviet criminal law, the infliction of injury by one person to the health of another by violation of the anatomical integrity or physiological functions of the organs or tissues of the body.

Grave, less grave, and light bodily injuries may be distinguished. Bodily injuries are considered grave when they are dangerous to life at the moment of infliction, regardless of the consequences, or result in loss of sight, of hearing, or of any organ, in the loss by an organ of its functions, in mental illness or any other impairment of health, joined with persistent loss of at least one-third of the capacity to work, or in termination of pregnancy or permanent disfigurement of the face. Less grave bodily injuries are injuries not dangerous to life and not causing the aforementioned consequences but that provoke a lengthy impairment of health (more than four weeks) or a significant persistent loss of less than one-third of the capacity to work. Light bodily injuries are injuries that result in an impairment of health of short duration—seven days to four weeks—or an insignificant persistent loss of the capacity to work (such as injuries resulting from beatings) or that have no consequences. The degree of punishment for the infliction of bodily injuries depends on whether the infliction was intentional or accidental and on the gravity of the injuries, as determined by forensic medical experts.

The law defines circumstances that aggravate liability for bodily injuries, namely, circumstances such as death resulting from intentional infliction of grave bodily injuries, the commission of an action by an especially dangerous recidivist, and the infliction of torture or torment. Liability is mitigated if grave or less grave bodily injuries are inflicted as a result of necessary self-defense or in a state of sudden strong mental agitation provoked by force or grave insult on the part of the victim, or provoked by any other unlawful actions of the victim, if such actions result or could result in grave consequences for the guilty person or his near ones.

Infecting with venereal disease is a special kind of bodily injury.

bodily injury

Physical injury, sickness, or disease sustained by a person. Also see personal injury.
References in periodicals archive ?
Whether wrongful death claims are barred by a policy exclusion for liability for bodily injuries sustained by an insured appears to be an issue of first impression in New York.
109) The court found that these bodily injuries satisfied the requirements of Floyd--namely that they alleged a "physical injury or a manifestation of physical injury.
that a carrier will only be liable for damage caused by a bodily injury, or that passengers can only recover for mental injuries if they are caused by bodily injuries.
30) The plaintiff's bodily injuries occurred in Milan, Italy, when his wheelchair crashed into a wall while he was touting the city.
While Article 17 of the Warsaw Convention deals with accidents and bodily injuries, courts also have interpreted Article 19, which covers inconvenience damages for delay, as barring those damages unless they are accompanied by a physical injury.
In a precedent-setting decision, a federal judge in New York recently ruled that under an occurrence-based liability insurance policy--which provides coverage for bodily injuries that occur during the policy period--coverage for lead-poisoning injuries applies before lead poisoning is diagnosed.
The study was commissioned jointly by the International Underwriters' Association (IUA) and the Association of British Insurers to investigate trends in UK bodily injuries.
Oliver was given a blood-alcohol test and later arrested on suspicion of driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol and causing bodily injuries.
The number of juveniles detained or arrested on suspicion of involvement in murders, murder-robberies and bodily injuries leading to death, including failed attempts, came to 257 -- breaking the 1993 record of 204 and 102 up from the 1997 figure.
Since the Lisoni law firm filed a petition on November 15, 2002, seeking the re-opening of the safety-defect investigation, the firm has provided the NHTSA with sixteen deaths caused by allegedly defective Firestone Steeltex tires, in addition to 5,000 claims of failed Steeltex tread separations causing numerous bodily injuries and extensive property damage.