Bodily Injury

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Bodily Injury

 

in Soviet criminal law, the infliction of injury by one person to the health of another by violation of the anatomical integrity or physiological functions of the organs or tissues of the body.

Grave, less grave, and light bodily injuries may be distinguished. Bodily injuries are considered grave when they are dangerous to life at the moment of infliction, regardless of the consequences, or result in loss of sight, of hearing, or of any organ, in the loss by an organ of its functions, in mental illness or any other impairment of health, joined with persistent loss of at least one-third of the capacity to work, or in termination of pregnancy or permanent disfigurement of the face. Less grave bodily injuries are injuries not dangerous to life and not causing the aforementioned consequences but that provoke a lengthy impairment of health (more than four weeks) or a significant persistent loss of less than one-third of the capacity to work. Light bodily injuries are injuries that result in an impairment of health of short duration—seven days to four weeks—or an insignificant persistent loss of the capacity to work (such as injuries resulting from beatings) or that have no consequences. The degree of punishment for the infliction of bodily injuries depends on whether the infliction was intentional or accidental and on the gravity of the injuries, as determined by forensic medical experts.

The law defines circumstances that aggravate liability for bodily injuries, namely, circumstances such as death resulting from intentional infliction of grave bodily injuries, the commission of an action by an especially dangerous recidivist, and the infliction of torture or torment. Liability is mitigated if grave or less grave bodily injuries are inflicted as a result of necessary self-defense or in a state of sudden strong mental agitation provoked by force or grave insult on the part of the victim, or provoked by any other unlawful actions of the victim, if such actions result or could result in grave consequences for the guilty person or his near ones.

Infecting with venereal disease is a special kind of bodily injury.

bodily injury

Physical injury, sickness, or disease sustained by a person. Also see personal injury.
References in classic literature ?
Let me assure you from the bottom of my heart that any bodily harm to you is the most unlikely thing in the world.
The old lady was timorous--most old ladies are--and her first impression was that the bloated lad was about to do her some grievous bodily harm with the view of possessing himself of her loose coin.
None for my friend,' she replied: 'his strong head will keep him from danger; a little for Hindley: but he can't be made morally worse than he is; and I stand between him and bodily harm.
Ilbrahim's bodily harm was severe, but long and careful nursing accomplished his recovery; the injury done to his sensitive spirit was more serious, though not so visible.
The singer denied racially aggravated assault occasioning actual bodily harm and the alternative charge of assault occasioning actual bodily harm when she appeared before Guildford Crown Court in July.
RUGBY star Phil Booth has pleaded not guilty to inflicting grievous bodily harm on a man in a Porthcawl pub.
In 2002 Pugh, of Cardiff, got 16 months for grievous bodily harm to a three-month-old.
Geen, 24, of Orchard Ward, Banbury, has also been charged with four counts of causing grievous bodily harm.
At Haverfordwest Crown Court yesterday Pc Finch denied a charge of assault occasioning actual bodily harm and an alternative charge of racially-aggravated assault occasioning actual bodily harm.
The Belfast Crown Court judge also formally entered verdicts of not guilty on four other charges including the attempted murder of Mr McDaid's friend Damien Fleming, assaulting Mr McDaid, causing grievous bodily harm to Mr Fleming, and also of causing an affray on May 29, 2009.
Waters, of Fford Maendy, Sarn, Bridgend, was jailed for 10 years at Cardiff Crown Court last July, having pleaded guilty to causing grievous bodily harm, attempting to cause grievous bodily harm and dangerous driving.
Andrew Davies, defending Jones, who admitted inflicting grievous bodily harm and three offences of actual bodily harm, said he had had a difficult upbringing and had turned to drink aged 15 and said he was "thoroughly ashamed".