Bodily Injury

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Bodily Injury

 

in Soviet criminal law, the infliction of injury by one person to the health of another by violation of the anatomical integrity or physiological functions of the organs or tissues of the body.

Grave, less grave, and light bodily injuries may be distinguished. Bodily injuries are considered grave when they are dangerous to life at the moment of infliction, regardless of the consequences, or result in loss of sight, of hearing, or of any organ, in the loss by an organ of its functions, in mental illness or any other impairment of health, joined with persistent loss of at least one-third of the capacity to work, or in termination of pregnancy or permanent disfigurement of the face. Less grave bodily injuries are injuries not dangerous to life and not causing the aforementioned consequences but that provoke a lengthy impairment of health (more than four weeks) or a significant persistent loss of less than one-third of the capacity to work. Light bodily injuries are injuries that result in an impairment of health of short duration—seven days to four weeks—or an insignificant persistent loss of the capacity to work (such as injuries resulting from beatings) or that have no consequences. The degree of punishment for the infliction of bodily injuries depends on whether the infliction was intentional or accidental and on the gravity of the injuries, as determined by forensic medical experts.

The law defines circumstances that aggravate liability for bodily injuries, namely, circumstances such as death resulting from intentional infliction of grave bodily injuries, the commission of an action by an especially dangerous recidivist, and the infliction of torture or torment. Liability is mitigated if grave or less grave bodily injuries are inflicted as a result of necessary self-defense or in a state of sudden strong mental agitation provoked by force or grave insult on the part of the victim, or provoked by any other unlawful actions of the victim, if such actions result or could result in grave consequences for the guilty person or his near ones.

Infecting with venereal disease is a special kind of bodily injury.

bodily injury

Physical injury, sickness, or disease sustained by a person. Also see personal injury.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pilcher, who was living with Reeves in April, also denies assaulting Miss Atwood, causing her actual bodily harm.
Singh was also charged with two counts of actual bodily harm against two male officers.
This week Bywater admitted a lesser offence of inflicting grievous bodily harm while Carl Owston admitted affray.
The jury at Nottingham Crown Court took less than two hours to clear father-of-two Peter Harvey, 50, who had admitted causing grievous bodily harm without intent.
A CARJACKER was convicted yesterday of causing grievous bodily harm with intent to a mother of four by running her over in her own vehicle.
Rashpal Singh was found not guilty of causing grievous bodily harm with intent, two counts of actual bodily harm and dangerous driving, following the incident near Heathrow Airport in November 2007.
The four, all charged with grievous bodily harm and assault causing actual bodily harm, appeared before North Shields magistrates on Saturday.
A MAN accused of attacking his former partner with a knife appeared in court yesterday accused of causing grievous bodily harm.
Barton, 25, of Foxbank Close, Widnes, Cheshire, was subsequently charged with assault occasioning actual bodily harm and affray.
A teenager has denied causing grievous bodily harm to a boy who was allegedly doused in petrol and set alight.
A 15-year-old girl from Warley was arrested on Friday and charged with assault occasioning actual bodily harm and wounding with intent to commit grievous bodily harm.
Dean Michael Thomas Locke, from Southmead, Bristol, was charged with grievous bodily harm with intent on the woman.