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The sense of position and movement of the limbs and the sense of muscular tension. The awareness of the orientation of the body in space and the direction, extent, and rate of movement of the limbs depend in part upon information derived from sensory receptors in the joints, tendons, and muscles. Information from these receptors, called proprioceptors, is normally integrated with that arising from vestibular receptors (which signal gravitational acceleration and changes in velocity of movements of the head), as well as from visual, auditory, and tactile receptors. Sensory information from certain proprioceptors, particularly those in muscles and tendons, need not reach consciousness, but can be used by the motor system as feedback to guide postural adjustments and control of well-practiced or semiautomatic movements such as those involved in walking.

Receptors for proprioception are the endings of peripheral nerve fibers within the capsule or ligaments of the joints or within muscle. These endings are associated with specialized end organs such as Pacinian corpuscles, Ruffini's cylinders, and Golgi organs (the latter resembling histologic Golgi structures in the skin), and muscle spindles. See Cutaneous sensation, Sensation, Somesthesis


The reception of internal stimuli.
Sensory awareness of one's location with regard to the external environment.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new Stick-e[R] Mat with LassoTM Strap continues to feature its body alignment lines and is reversible.
Instructor Rose Moritz doesn't expect to see these students appearing in the nearby Pennsylvania Ballet, but she says they gain muscular strength, body alignment and flexibility through stretching moves.
Noticing how her body suffered the ravages of traditional dance training, Zaporah became skilled in learning corrective body alignment measures such as the Alexander Technique.
Yoga classes are varied, with choices focused on physical issues, such as the healing of back and joint pain, headaches and body alignment, as well as enhancement of creativity, mental focus and happiness.
Mira Rasmussen, an exercise physiologist, likes wall squats, with the help of an exercise ball for body alignment.
When shooting from retention, physical index points and proper body alignment enable you to aim you gun without the benefit of using the sights.
Within each of those postures are thousands of potential variations designed to emphasize stamina, strength, stability, concentration, and structural body alignment.
It protects your spine: Yoga helps maintain the natural curvature of the spine through proper body alignment and good posture.
The lightweight back support incorporates body alignment, pressure distribution, and directional forces for comfortable postural control.
16,17) Base right prisms, for example, shift the perception of space to the left; this shifts the head and body alignment towards the left side.
The assisted stretching and body alignment was originally created to revitalise monks after long periods of meditation.
Proper body mechanics means knowing how to lift, push, pull, and move in accordance with correct body alignment.