Boer


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Related to Boer: Boer War

Boer

(bo͝or, bôr) [Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. After Great Britain annexed (1806) this territory, many of the Boers departed (1835–40) on the Great TrekTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
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 and created republics in Natal (see KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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), the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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), and the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Hostility between the Boers and the British resulted in the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902), after which the Boer territories were annexed and the Union of South Africa formed. There has been some tension between South Africans of British descent and the Boers. South Africa withdrew (1961) from the Commonwealth of Nations and became a republic, an event that was strongly supported by Afrikaner nationalists. AfrikaansAfrikaans
, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Although its classification is still disputed, it is generally considered an independent language rather than a dialect or variant of Dutch
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, derived from Dutch, is an official language of the republic, along with English and several indigenous African languages. Boer politicians were largely responsible for the inauguration of the policy of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, which was applied to the nonwhite population of South Africa for most of the latter half of the 20th cent.

Bibliography

See S. Patterson, The Last Trek (1957); J. Fisher, The Afrikaners (1969).

Boer

a. a descendant of any of the Dutch or Huguenot colonists who settled in South Africa, mainly in Cape Colony, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal
b. (as modifier): a Boer farm
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_War
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References in classic literature ?
Connal insisted on having one end of the donga to himself, and of course his end is the one nearest the Boers.
De Boer, who spent a season with Gers in 2004, said: "Normally, Celtic dominate in their own league but it's difficult to get good results in Europe.
Mr Lewis served with the Glamorgan Imperial Yeomanry and this prompted me to check my family tree, where I found that John Thomas, the late grandfather of my wife Wendy, served in the Glamorgan Yeomanry during the Boer War.
Boer remained a fugitive until the fall of 2013, when his lawyer contacted prosecutors to inform them that Boer wanted to surrender and plead guilty to the tax charge.
Boer, who has won four consecutive league titles and is one of the hottest managers in Europe, might flee Holland after receiving 1200 anonymous calls and texts with foul language in the run up to today's Feyenoord clash.
De Boer, who went on to play at Barcelona, Galatasaray, Rangers and then in Qatar, returned to Ajax as a coach following his retirement and has been first-team manager since 2010.
The letter was written to Huddersfield patent agent Thomas Barron while he was on active service in South Africa during the Boer War in 1900.
de Boer will lead the Seoul-based international organization as Director-General, serving a four-year term beginning on April 15, 2014.
De Boer said: "This gives us great confidence to take to Scotland.
But instead of fighting for titles, Ajax boss de Boer reckons the pair will be going head-to-head for a consolation prize of third spot and a slot in the Europa League after Christmas.
Whatever the case, a war that was expected to be short-lived dragged on for two and half bloody years, and the British had to send increasing numbers of troops to defeat the Boer Republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State in what is now South Africa.