Boer

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Boer

(bo͝or, bôr) [Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. After Great Britain annexed (1806) this territory, many of the Boers departed (1835–40) on the Great TrekTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
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 and created republics in Natal (see KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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), the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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), and the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Hostility between the Boers and the British resulted in the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902), after which the Boer territories were annexed and the Union of South Africa formed. There has been some tension between South Africans of British descent and the Boers. South Africa withdrew (1961) from the Commonwealth of Nations and became a republic, an event that was strongly supported by Afrikaner nationalists. AfrikaansAfrikaans
, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Although its classification is still disputed, it is generally considered an independent language rather than a dialect or variant of Dutch
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, derived from Dutch, is an official language of the republic, along with English and several indigenous African languages. Boer politicians were largely responsible for the inauguration of the policy of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, which was applied to the nonwhite population of South Africa for most of the latter half of the 20th cent.

Bibliography

See S. Patterson, The Last Trek (1957); J. Fisher, The Afrikaners (1969).

Boer

a. a descendant of any of the Dutch or Huguenot colonists who settled in South Africa, mainly in Cape Colony, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal
b. (as modifier): a Boer farm
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_War
www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Boer-War
References in periodicals archive ?
Groenewald [2002:173] verwys in die verband na die waarnemings van Boving [1712] en Kolbe [1727] oor gebruikskennis van Khoi deur boere en hul kinders, waar dit binne 'n kleiner, meer persoonlike kring gepraat is.
During his trial, Boere admitted killing three civilians in 1944 as a member of a unit of Dutch SS volunteers responsible for reprisal killings of their countrymen.
Boere, who is on the Simon Wiesenthal Center s list of most wanted war crime suspects, had confessed to killing the three civilians when he was a member of an SS squad targeting anti-Nazi resistance, but argued that he was following orders.
Lawyers representing Boere said they would appeal against the decision, which could mean that the sentence is not legally binding for months.
So het sy een van meer as I 500 begunstigdes geword wat sedert onafhanklikheid saam met hul gesinne hervestig is op plase wat deur die regering van blanke kommersiele boere gekoop is.
Boere, who owned the Half Moon pub in Epping after his career with Hammers ended also played for West Brom, Crystal Palace, Southend and in Japan's J-League but lost an eye in a stabbing incident in a Tokyo nightspot in 1999.
West Ham, led by fit-again skipper Lucas Neill, donned black armbands in memory of former striker Jeroen Boere,who died lastweek aged 39.
Among the machines on the shop floor are a Powermatic table saw, an Altendorf sliding table saw, a Moak bandsaw, a vacuum bag for veneering, a Large Max disc sander, a Newman jointer and a Boere sander.
Conference participants also had the opportunity to hear from four top researchers in Western Canadian universities: Jillian Buriak, MCIC, from the National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT); Peter Kusalik, MCIC, from the University of Calgary; Rene Boere, MCIC, from the University of Lethbridge; and Grace Greidanus-Strom, MCIC, from The King's University College.
Daardeur kry amper elke woord 'n dubbele bodem, selfs die aanhalings uit die groot borduurboek of Die handboek vir boere, wat Agaat so woordgetrou kan opse.
He was probably too busy intellectualizing so the Boere caught him.