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Boer

(bo͝or, bôr) [Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. After Great Britain annexed (1806) this territory, many of the Boers departed (1835–40) on the Great TrekTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
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 and created republics in Natal (see KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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), the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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), and the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Hostility between the Boers and the British resulted in the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902), after which the Boer territories were annexed and the Union of South Africa formed. There has been some tension between South Africans of British descent and the Boers. South Africa withdrew (1961) from the Commonwealth of Nations and became a republic, an event that was strongly supported by Afrikaner nationalists. AfrikaansAfrikaans
, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Although its classification is still disputed, it is generally considered an independent language rather than a dialect or variant of Dutch
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, derived from Dutch, is an official language of the republic, along with English and several indigenous African languages. Boer politicians were largely responsible for the inauguration of the policy of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, which was applied to the nonwhite population of South Africa for most of the latter half of the 20th cent.

Bibliography

See S. Patterson, The Last Trek (1957); J. Fisher, The Afrikaners (1969).

Boer

a. a descendant of any of the Dutch or Huguenot colonists who settled in South Africa, mainly in Cape Colony, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal
b. (as modifier): a Boer farm
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_War
www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Boer-War
References in classic literature ?
But Raffles paid no attention to their fire; he was pointing downward through the bushes to where Corporal Connal stood with his back to us, shooing a last charger out of the mouth of the donga towards the Boer trenches.
The above dedication follows the title and immediately sets up the intention to clarify the long history of the Boers purchased at the expense of the life-seeds of the nation, the women and children who died in the "Anglo-Boer War.
The ultimate triumph of the Boers over the British, despite British victory in 1902, was due largely to the stupidity of the Liberal governments of 1902 to 1914 which granted self-government before a British majority could be established.
The BWB, one of the biggest "Boer resistance" organisations, said NATO's attack on the Serbs could be compared with Britain's war on the Boers a century ago.
The Gunners tried to sign the brilliant de Boers a year ago but Ajax refused to sell.
R) the leading mobile direct marketing company, today announced that Co-Founder and President, Carsten Boers has been selected to discuss US Mobile Marketing at iHollywood Forum's impact
South African historian and journalist Scholtz grew up hearing about how the Boers were brave, fought well, and often carried the day; and later read histories never questioning the inevitability of British victory in the 1899-1902 war.
The Boers invaded Natal and Cape Province to try to keep the land they claimed as theirs.
Impressed by what we read and saw, we felt that Boers had the potential to revolutionize the meat goat industry and give traditional farms a viable alternative livestock to raise.
The Boers handed over their rifles and the Canadians took their ponies, which were fresh compared to their own tired mounts, and sent the Boers away on foot.
Today, President Thabo Mbeki and the Duke of Kent will lay wreaths at grave sites of Africans, Britons and Boers outside the town of Brandfort, 190 miles south of Johannesburg, highlighting a weekend of commemorations.
We will continue to leverage Bonsai Networks' success," concluded Boers.