Boer

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Boer

(bo͝or, bôr) [Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. After Great Britain annexed (1806) this territory, many of the Boers departed (1835–40) on the Great TrekTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
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 and created republics in Natal (see KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal
, province (2011 pop. 10,267,300), 36,433 sq mi (94,361 sq km), E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Formerly Natal province, in the post-apartheid constitution of 1994 it was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.
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), the Orange Free State (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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), and the TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Hostility between the Boers and the British resulted in the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902), after which the Boer territories were annexed and the Union of South Africa formed. There has been some tension between South Africans of British descent and the Boers. South Africa withdrew (1961) from the Commonwealth of Nations and became a republic, an event that was strongly supported by Afrikaner nationalists. AfrikaansAfrikaans
, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Although its classification is still disputed, it is generally considered an independent language rather than a dialect or variant of Dutch
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, derived from Dutch, is an official language of the republic, along with English and several indigenous African languages. Boer politicians were largely responsible for the inauguration of the policy of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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, which was applied to the nonwhite population of South Africa for most of the latter half of the 20th cent.

Bibliography

See S. Patterson, The Last Trek (1957); J. Fisher, The Afrikaners (1969).

Boer

a. a descendant of any of the Dutch or Huguenot colonists who settled in South Africa, mainly in Cape Colony, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal
b. (as modifier): a Boer farm
www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_War
www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Boer-War
References in periodicals archive ?
Boer was an Iowa resident when a federal grand jury indicted him in 1989 for not filing a tax return for the year 1984, when authorities allege that he and his wife made more than $92,000.
Surrounded by British colonies and protectorates, the Boers began to fear that they would be overwhelmed from within; whilst the Outlanders called out that they were heavily taxed yet excluded from government.
In chapter 2, Boers shares the stories of his pilgrimages to "uncommon communities" that practice the daily office.
One such event which had a dramatic impact on British public opinion was the Boer War which took place in South Africa at the end of the 19th century.
Thank you so much for the mention of our association, United States Boer Goat Association, in your November/ December issue.
For the Boers, who mainly came from rural areas and were used to being master of their own farms, giving orders and determining their own movements, incarceration in guarded camps was a real ordeal.
We, too, raise Boers and Nubians and have had good results with this.
htm), refers to the British "Holocaust" against Boers and declares, "The amenities in the camps were clearly planned to kill as many of the women and children as possible.
So the Boers are treated sympathetically, but Bosman is also completely unillusioned about their callowness and parochialism, their lack of discipline and their disorganisation.
And yes, we took their land from the Boers, who took it from the Bantu, who took it from the Hottentots and the Bushmen, who took it from .
It isn't known exactly how many Boers perished during the terrible years of conflict.