(from the Persian behar, “spring”), land in the zone of irrigated agriculture on which crops are grown without watering. The yields are determined mainly by the amount and time of precipitation, air temperature, and other conditions. Thus, drought-resistant grains, forage crops, and melons are grown on bogara.
Dry farming is very important economically because it utilizes plots unsuitable for irrigation. It is common chiefly in foothills and on the outskirts of oases in Afghanistan, Iran, China, India, Pakistan, Sudan, Turkey, and other countries. In the USSR, it is practiced in the Middle Asian republics, southern Kazakhstan, and Transcaucasia.