Boidae


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Related to Boidae: Colubridae, Pythonidae, python

Boidae

[′bō·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The boas, a family of nonvenomous reptiles of the order Squamata, having teeth on both jaws and hindlimb rudiments.

Boidae

 

a family of reptiles of the suborder Serpentes, or Ophidia. Along the sides of the anus are clawlike vestiges of the posterior extremities, which are more marked in males. There are the rudiments of a pelvis and of the femur. The teeth are found on the maxillary, dentary, pterygoid, and palatine bones and sometimes on the intermaxillary bones. The pupil is vertical. There are two lungs in the majority of Boidae, the right one considerably longer than the left.

The Boidae include the largest of extant snakes—the reticulated python and the anaconda—which both measure as much as 10 m long. The coloration is varied, often with variegated markings. The snakes are distributed mainly in the torrid zone, including the Pacific islands. Most species inhabit forests, while some inhabit steppes and deserts. One lives in trees, others, such as the anaconda, live in water, and still others, of the genus Eryx, live in soil. There are both oviparous and ovoviviparous species.

Boidae attack their prey, mainly various mammals and other vertebrates, by sinking their fangs into the animal and simultaneously coiling their bodies around it and suffocating it. Large serpents, such as pythons, can swallow wild boars and deer. In stances of attacks on humans are known. In the tropics, members of the family are hunted for their skins, which are used for the manufacture of various products, and for their edible flesh. There are 80 species, included in four subfamilies. The subfamily Boinae includes 15 genera, ten of which are distributed in the western hemisphere, two in Madagascar and neighboring islands, one in New Guinea and certain other islands of Oceania, one in Southwest, Central, and Middle Asia, and one in southeastern Europe.

I. S. DAREVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Todos estos trabajos se han realizado en ofidios de las familias Viperidae y Colubridae, no habiendo estudios locales en la familia Boidae.
La familia Colubridae esta conformada por 14 especies, que representa el 38% de las especies (Figura 2), siendo la de mayor riqueza de especies; la familia Gekkonidae, con 4 especies, representa el 11%, mientras que las familias Boidae (3 especies) y Polychrotidae (3 especies) representan cada una el 8% de las especies registradas en Cucuta.
Eleven species of the family Boidae, genera Candoia, Corallus, Epicrates, and Python.
Clase Orden Suborden Familias Amphibia Anura Bufonidae Hylidae Leptodactylidae Reptilia Squamata Sauria Corythophanidae Gekkonidae Iguanidae Phrynosomatidae Polychridae Scincidae Teiidae Xantusiidae Serpentes Boidae Colubridae Elapidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Viperidae Testudines Emydidae Total 18 Clase Generos Especies Amphibia 2 2 1 1 1 1 Reptilia 1 1 3 3 2 3 3 6 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 Total 33 40 Cuadro 2.
Guadualito Family Species Teran (ICN) Amphisbaenidae Amphisbaena fuliginosa X Boidae Boa constrictor X X Colubridae Atractus sp.
De las 20 especies de serpientes registradas, el predominio corresponde a los colubridos con 14 especies (Tabla 2), destacandose entre otras: Drymarchon corais, Imantodes cenchoa, Helicops danieli, Leptophis ahethulla, Liophis melanotus, Spilotes pullatus y Thamnodynastes strigilis; le siguen las Boidae y Crotalidae, representadas por tres especies.
tuxtlae Werler y Shannon 1893 Pr E Xenosauridae Xenosaurus grandis (Gray 1856) Pr N X X X SERPENTES Boidae Boa constrictor (Linnaeus 1758) A, CI N X Colubridae Adelphicos quadrivirgatus Jan 1862 Pr N X X Amastridium veliferum Cope 1861 N Chersodromus liebmanni Reinhartd 1860 Pr E Coniophanes bipuncatus (Gunther 1858) N C.
brevirostris X X BOIDAE Boa constrictor x X X X CROTALIDAE Bothrops atrox X X X ELAPIDAE Micrurus mipartitus X X GEKKONIDAE Lepidoblepharis ruthveni X Lepidodactylus lugubris X X Thecadactylus rapicauda x IGUANIDAE Iguana iguana X X POLICROTIDAE Anoiis gorgonae x A.
Este libro presenta una gran cantidad de errores tipograficos entre los que se destacan algunos graves como nombres personales y cientificos mal escritos (por ejemplo "Dendrophidium" en vez del correcto Dendrophidion, entre otros) o con el tipo de letra inadecuado a traves de todo el texto, y otros que revelan una clara falta de revision bibliografica actualizada, especificamente en la ubicacion de especies dentro de grupos taxonomicos equivocados, tales como Loxocemus bicolor y Ungaliophis continentalis en la familia Boidae, cuando estas se encuentran en Loxocemidae y Tropidophiidae, respectivamente (McDiarmid et al.
Se debe estudiar la eficiencia de algunos predadores potenciales de rana toro, representados por babilllas y algunas serpientes inofensivas y utiles para la agricultura como las constrictoras de la familia Boidae, y algunas serpientes acuaticas, que pueden limitar la expansion de la rana y mantener niveles reducidos de poblacion.