Ardennes

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Ardennes

(ärdĕn`), department (1990 pop. 295,700), NE France, in Champagne. The capital is Charleville-MézièresCharleville-Mézières
, town (1990 pop. 59,439), capital of Ardennes dept., NE France, on the Meuse River, in Champagne. It was formed in 1966 when the twin cities of Charleville and Mézières were merged, along with three small communities.
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. Ardennes is also the name of a section of the eastern branch of an ancient mountain chain resulting from Hercynium folding between 345 million and 225 million years ago. The western edge of the chain is located in France, while the remainder extends into Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany.

Ardennes,

wooded plateau, from 1,600 to 2,300 ft (488–701 m) high, in SE Belgium, N Luxembourg, and Ardennes dept., N France, E and S of the Meuse River. The plateau is cut into wild crags and ravines by rapid rivers. Agriculture and cattle raising are the main occupations of this sparsely populated region. Peat bogs are found in shallow depressions. In Germany, the Ardennes is continued by the Eifel. The chief cities (LiègeLiège,
Du. Luik, Ger. Lüttich, city (1991 pop. 194,596), capital of Liège prov., E Belgium, at the confluence of the Meuse and Ourthe rivers, near the Dutch and German borders.
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, NamurNamur,
Du. Namen, commune (1991 pop. 103,443), capital of Namur prov., S central Belgium, at the confluence of the Meuse and Sambre rivers. It is a commercial and industrial center as well as a rail junction. Manufactures include machinery, leather goods, and porcelain.
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) are in the Meuse valley. A traditional battleground, the Ardennes saw heavy fighting in both World Wars, notably in the Battle of the BulgeBattle of the Bulge,
popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. More than a million men fought in what is also known as the Battle of the Ardennes. On Dec.
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 (Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945). Tourism in the area is economically important.

Ardennes

1. a department of NE France, in Champagne-Ardenne region. Capital: Mézières. Pop.: 288 806 (2003 est.). Area: 5253 sq. km (2049 sq. miles)
2. the. a wooded plateau in SE Belgium, Luxembourg, and NE France: scene of heavy fighting in both World Wars