Boko Haram

Boko Haram

[Western education is sinful], Nigerian Islamic fundamentalist militia, officially Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati Wal-Jihad [people committed to the propagation of the Prophet's teachings and jihad]. It arose (c.2002) in Maiduguri, Borno, NE Nigeria, and subsequently spread across the nation's north, where Muslims are the majority and poverty is widepsread; it has been especially active in the states of Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa in NE Nigeria, especially in rural areas. Frustration with Nigerian government neglect and corruption has contributed to the influence of the group, which is loosely modeled on the TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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. Boko Haram also has operated in areas of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger bordering NE Nigeria, with significant fighting between the Cameroonian military and group beginning in the second half of 2014.

Boko Haram mounted its first attack in 2004, and since then the group has been responsible for thousands of deaths. The sect demands the adoption of shariasharia,
the religious law of Islam. As Islam makes no distinction between religion and life, Islamic law covers not only ritual but many aspects of life. The actual codification of canonic law is the result of the concurrent evolution of jurisprudence proper and the so-called
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, and has killed many Christians in church bombings as well as more moderate Muslims. There also have been bloody attacks on educational institutions, the mass kidnapping and enslavement of women and children, scorched-earth attacks on entire villages, and attacks outside N Nigeria. In 2011 a UN building in Abuja was struck by a suicide bomber from the group.

After Boko Haram's leader, Mohammed Yusuf, was killed by Nigerian security forces in 2009, the group appeared to fragment. At least one of the resulting splinter groups, Ansaru, which formed in 2012 and mainly has targeted Westerners in Nigeria, has formed an alliance with Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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. In 2010 Abubakar Shekau claimed leadership of Boko Haram. In 2014 the group moved from hit-and-run attacks to holding territory, and declared an Islamic state in the parts of NE Nigeria it controlled; it also increasingly targeted political figures. Boko Haram pledged its allegiance to the Islamic StateIslamic State
(IS), Sunni Islamic militant group committed to the establishment of an Islamic caliphate that would unite Muslims in a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 (IS) in 2015 as it faced a counteroffensive from Nigeria and its neighbors, in which Chadian and Nigerian forces largely forced the group from towns it had controlled. By mid-2016 Nigerian forces had regained much of the territory Boko Haram had seized in 2014. It nonetheless remained capable of launching deadly attacks. Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Benin agreed in 2012 to establish a joint military task force to combat the group, though disagreements stalled any significant move toward its creation until 2015. The IS stated in 2016 that Abu Musab al-Barnawi replaced Shekau as Boko Haram's leader, a claim Shekau denounced.

References in periodicals archive ?
FORMER Chairman, National Caretaker Committee of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Senator Ahmed Makarfi has condemned the latest Boko Haram attack in Rann, Kala-Balge Local Government Area of Borno State during which lives were lost including those of workers of the aforementioned international agencies.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari called the abduction of around 100 Nigerian schoolgirls by the Boko Haram terrorist group a 'national disaster' and pledged to return the missing girls.
ABOUT 101 girls remain missing several days after an attack on a village in Nigeria by Boko Haram extremists.
After the Islamist extremist terrorist group Boko Haram attacked a village in Nigeria, more than 90 schoolgirls appear to be missing, according to (https://www.
A], January 17 (ANI): The Nigerian army has announced that it has released 244 Boko Haram suspects who have renounced their membership in the terrorist group.
But as both the Islamic State and Boko Haram weaken, Al-Qa'ida, which has a history of cooperation with jihadis in Nigeria, including factions within Boko Haram, may be making a takeover bid.
Abuja/Dakar: The 21 Nigerian schoolgirls freed by Boko Haram militants last week after two-and-a-half years' captivity urgently need support to reintegrate into their communities where they risk abuse and rejection, aid groups and psychologists said on Tuesday.
Jihadist group Boko Haram has freed 21 of more than 200 girls it kidnapped in April 2014 in the northern Nigerian town of Chibok, the government said on Thursday.
ABUJA (CyHAN)- Nigerian Army on early Friday confirmed the identity of a girl rescued by local troops as one of the school girls abducted from the town of Chibok in northeastern state of Borno by terror group Boko Haram in April 2014.
As Nigeria rings in 2016, the ever-present threat of violence by Boko Haram hangs heavy over Africa's most populous country, despite official claims that the battle against the terrorist group has been "technically" won.
Considering the global attention paid to Daesh, you would not guess that Boko Haram is actually the world's deadliest terrorist organisation, according to the Global Terrorism Index.
Considering the global attention paid to the Islamic State, you would not guess that Boko Haram is actually the world's deadliest terrorist organisation, according to the Global Terrorism Index.