Boko Haram

Boko Haram

[Western education is sinful], Nigerian Islamic fundamentalist militia, officially Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati Wal-Jihad [people committed to the propagation of the Prophet's teachings and jihad]. It arose (c.2002) in Maiduguri, Borno, NE Nigeria, and has since spread across the nation's north, where Muslims are the majority and poverty is widepsread; it is especially active in the states of Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa in NE Nigeria, especially in rural areas. Frustration with Nigerian government neglect and corruption has contributed to the influence of the group, which is loosely modeled on the TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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. Boko Haram also has operated in areas of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger bordering NE Nigeria, with significant fighting between the Cameroonian military and group beginning in the second half of 2014.

Boko Haram mounted its first attack in 2004, and since then the group has been responsible for thousands of deaths. The sect demands the adoption of shariasharia,
the religious law of Islam. As Islam makes no distinction between religion and life, Islamic law covers not only ritual but many aspects of life. The actual codification of canonic law is the result of the concurrent evolution of jurisprudence proper and the so-called
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, and has killed many Christians in church bombings as well as more moderate Muslims. There also have been bloody attacks on educational institutions, the mass kidnapping and enslavement of women and children, scorched-earth attacks on entire villages, and attacks outside N Nigeria. In 2011 a UN building in Abuja was struck by a suicide bomber from the group.

After Boko Haram's leader, Mohammed Yusuf, was killed by Nigerian security forces in 2009, the group appeared to fragment. At least one of the resulting splinter groups, Ansaru, which formed in 2012 and mainly has targeted Westerners in Nigeria, has formed an alliance with Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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. In 2010 Abubakar Shekau claimed leadership of Boko Haram. In 2014 the group moved from hit-and-run attacks to holding territory, and declared an Islamic state in the parts of NE Nigeria it controlled; it also increasingly targeted political figures. Boko Haram pledged its allegiance to the Islamic StateIslamic State
(IS), Sunni Islamic militant group committed to the establishment of an Islamic caliphate that would unite Muslims in a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 (IS) in 2015 as it faced a counteroffensive from Nigeria and its neighbors, in which Chadian and Nigerian forces largely forced the group from towns it had controlled. By mid-2016 Nigerian forces had regained much of the territory Boko Haram had seized in 2014. It nonetheless remained capable of launching deadly attacks. Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Benin subsequently agreed to establish a joint military force, led by Nigeria, to combat the group, but disagreements stalled its creation. The IS stated in 2016 that Abu Musab al-Barnawi replaced Shekau as Boko Haram's leader, a claim Shekau denounced.

References in periodicals archive ?
Boko Haram has abducted an unknown number of girls, women and young men to be used as sex slaves and fighters.
Boko Haram and IS ideology condemned as 'intellectual poisons' after pledge of allegiance
Abuja: Nigerian Boko Haram extremists released a video purporting to show it beheading two men, its first online posting using advanced graphics and editing techniques similar to footage from IS.
Nigeria's Islamist sect Boko Haram released a video purporting to show it beheading two men, its first online posting using advanced graphics and editing techniques reminiscent of footage from Islamic State.
SUSPECTED Boko Haram fighters have killed at least 34 in attacks on villages near Chibok and Konduga in Nigeria's north-eastern Borno state.
DAKAR, Senegal -- Thousands of buildings were burned, damaged or destroyed in northern Nigerian towns in recent days when Boko Haram militants stormed through, using scorched-earth tactics against civilians, according to a new analysis of satellite images by human rights groups.
BAGA, Nigeria (TAP) - Extremist Islamic group Boko Haram has inflicted mass casualties in the town of Baga , northeast Nigeria , officials said.
This Saturday marks 250 days since 276 girls were taken from their school in the Nigerian town of Chibok by Boko Haram terrorists.
TERRORIST fanatics Boko Haram yesterday promised to free hundreds of kidnapped schoolgirls after agreeing a truce.
September 2014 marks five months since Boko Haram, a militant armed group in northern Nigeria, abducted over two hundred schoolgirls from Chibok, in Borno State.
The leader revealed that at least 40 people were killed during Friday's attack on Damboa that was led by the notorious terror group Boko Haram.
Sometimes I suspect whether Boko Haram militants are Muslims or not.