Simón Bolívar

(redirected from Bolivarian)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Bolívar, Simón


Born July 24, 1783, in Caracas, Venezuela; died Dec. 17, 1830, near Santa Marta, Colombia. One of the leaders of the independence struggle of the Spanish colonies in America. Born into a noble Creole family.

Bolívar spent his youth in Europe, in Spain, France, and Italy. Returning to his homeland, he took an active part in the overthrow of Spanish rule in Venezuela (1810) and in its proclamation as a republic (1811). After the latter was smashed by the Spanish, Bolívar settled down in New Granada (now Colombia). In 1813 his troops occupied Caracas; the second Venezuelan republic, headed by Bolívar, was established. However, he was defeated in 1814 and was forced to leave his homeland. A band led by Bolívar once again settled on the shores of Venezuela in 1816. The abolition of slavery (1816) and the decree allocating land to soldiers of the liberation army (1817) helped him obtain the support of the broad masses. In 1819 his troops liberated New Granada, and he was chosen president of the republic of Gran Colombia, which included Venezuela and New Granada. Concluding the rout of the major Spanish forces in Venezuela (1821), Bolivar’s army liberated the province of Quito (present-day Ecuador) in 1822, which was subsequently joined to Gran Colombia. In 1824 he smashed the Spanish forces on the territory of Peru, and in 1825 he became head of the republic of Bolivia—so-named in his honor—which was forming in upper Peru. In the effort to rally and unite the new states of Latin America, Bolívar called a continental congress in Panama (1826). However, he did not succeed in realizing his plans. The separatist actions that began led to the overthrow of Bolivar’s regime in Peru and Bolivia, and they threatened to separate Venezuela and Quito from Colombia. Bolívar retired at the beginning of 1830.

Bolivar’s activity, which aimed at the liquidation of the colonial regime with its characteristic feudal features, objectively furthered the bourgeois development of the countries of South America.


Obras completas, vols. 1–2. Havana, 1947.


Marx, K. “Bolivar-i-Ponte.” In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 14.
Lavretskii, I. R. Bolivar, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)


References in periodicals archive ?
It wants to attack the Bolivarian Revolution because it is a process of integration and rapprochement of peoples.
In the last national elections, in late 2015, the Bolivarian forces suffered their largest setback, when they lost majority control of the Parliament--the first time since 1999.
SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Nicolas Maduro, President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela:
The following chapters analyse the Bolivarian project from different disciplinary angles.
Given below the full text of the condolence message on the demise of Hugo Chavez Frias, President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela:
Gustavo Pereira, poet, Victor Valera Mora Prize, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
It is not clear whether the founder of the Bolivarian Republic will ever be able to step back into office, which raises a great deal of uncertainty about the political stability of the country.
We should guarantee the advance of the Bolivarian Revolution," Mr Chavez said on television, seated at the presidential palace with Mr Maduro and other aides.
It is a victory for the Bolivarian alliance and all of Latin America.
As Santiago performs Bolivar in locales that form part of the Bolivarian legend, he toes a blurred line between reality and fantasy, manipulating popular images of the Liberator and at times employing Bolivar's own words in his pointed criticism of twenty-first-century Colombian and, by extension, Latin American politics and society.
announced recently that it has received payment of US$600 million from the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and its public entity Corporacion Socialista del Cemento, S.
11, 2007, in Managua said: "We are already four [ALBA] countries: Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Venezuela, which form part of the Bolivarian Alternativewhich is also Sadinist, Martinist, and Indigenist for the countries of Our America".