Bolshevik


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Related to Bolshevik: Menshevik, Bolshevik Revolution

Bolshevik

(formerly) a Russian Communist
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bolshevik

(from the Russian bol' shinstovo, majority) a member of the Leninist majority of the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1903, the forerunner of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Thus, by extension, the term bolshevism has also come to refer to any revolutionary communist party which adopts a similar ‘vanguard conception’ of the role of the party in leading the working class (see also POLITICAL PARTY).

Bol’shevik

 

the southernmost and second largest island of the Severnaia Zemlia archipelago. Its area is 11,312 sq km. The northern shore is sharply indented. The land, which reaches 935 m in elevation, is mainly formed of proterozoic metamorphic schists and sandstones, as well as granitoids. Low plateau-like elevations predominate, becoming hilly plains on the southern shore. About 30 percent of the territory is covered by glaciers. On the shore plain there is moss and lichen vegetation of the arctic desert.


Bol’shevik

 

an urban-type settlement in Gomel’ Raion, Gomel’ Oblast, Byelorussian SSR, 8 km from the Kostiukovka railroad station (on theGomel’-Zhlobin line). Population, 2,500 (1968). The Bol’shevik Peat-processing Enterprise is located there.


Bol’shevik

 

an urban-type settlement in Susuman Raion, Magadan Oblast, RSFSR, on the Magadan-Khandyga highway. Population, 1,300 (1968). Gold mining.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nonetheless, Henzein offers an engaging and informative interpretation of the internal workings of a major government institution during the era of the New Economic Policy and reminds us that there was more to shaping the course of the Russian Revolution than the incantations of Bolshevik priests.
This book took Soviet foreign policy from its inception to the end of the First World War, and left Lenin and his fellow Bolsheviks in a precarious position.
6 g/t and mineralisation not closed at depth, and the exploration of the mineralised potential at adjacent properties which are covered by the Bakyrchik and Bolshevik exploration licences
The Bolsheviks controlled key urban and industrial centres, while ISIS is truly dominant only in the Iraqi and Syrian hinterland.
The Treaty of Brest Litovsk, signed between Bolshevik Russia, the German Empire, Austria Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire on March 3, 1918, officially terminated Russia's involvement in WWI.
One of these movies deserves special attention, for it demonstrates well the major message of the authorities that the Bolshevik Revolution led nowhere despite the best intentions of the leaders.
Although Mexico is overwhelmingly Catholic (and was even more so at the beginning of the 20th century), the Mexican Constitution of 1917 reflected the Marxist and anticlerical zeitgeist of the Bolshevik Revolution of that same year.
On November 7, 1917, Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP) in a revolt against the ineffective provisional government (Russia was still using the Julian calendar at the time, so period reference shows an October 25 date).
Kolchak was a hero in the First World War who later led the pro-Tsarist White Army against the Bolsheviks after the 1917 October Revolution.
His 1924 novel, The Heart of the Dog, tells the story of a kindly professor who transplants the pituitary gland of a human into a common street dog, transforming the cur into a crass Bolshevik.
On the first state visit to Syria by a Kremlin chief since the Bolshevik.
By examining peasant responses to the successive policies of the autocratic state, the Provisional Government of 1917 and the Bolshevik regime, Retish demonstrates that the process of state formation in rural Russia was a dialogic one: "the population adopted, rejected, and helped to shape government power, just as it shaped them" (p.