Bolshoi Ballet

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Bolshoi Ballet

(bōl`shoi, bôl`–), one of the principal ballet companies of Russia; part of the Bolshoi Theater, which also includes Russia's premier opera company. The Bolshoi Ballet began as a dancing school for the Moscow Orphanage in 1773. The Bolshoi Theatre, which opened permanently in 1856, in its early decades competed for preeminence with the Maryinsky Theatre of St. Petersburg (see Kirov BalletKirov Ballet,
one of the two major ballet companies of Russia, the other being the Bolshoi Ballet. In 1991 it was officially renamed the St. Petersburg Maryinsky Ballet; however, on its frequent tours abroad it is still called the Kirov Ballet.
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). Aleksandr Gorsky revitalized the dance company in the early 20th cent. and introduced a new dramatic realism to the classical ballets. Igor MoiseyevMoiseyev, Igor Alexsandrovich
, 1906–2007, Russian dancer and choreographer. He studied at the Bolshoi Ballet School and was later a soloist with the Bolshoi Theatre (1924–39) and ballet master there (1930–39).
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 experimented with folk-dance ballets at the Bolshoi in the 1930s. The company is internationally acclaimed for its superb ensemble skills and for the spectacular realism of its scenery and costumes. During the 1960s, Maya PlisetskayaPlisetskaya, Maya
, 1925–2015, Russian dancer. Pliesetskaya became a soloist with the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow on graduating from its school in 1943. She soon gained recognition as one of the world's foremost ballerinas, combining flawless technique with a sensitivity to
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 was the company's prima ballerina. In 1964, Yuri Grigorovich became chief choreographer and later, artistic director, serving until 1995. His productions included a very successful version of Khachaturian's Spartacus. Since Grigorovich, the position of artistic director has been held by a series of individuals serving much shorter tenures. The company is internationally acclaimed and regularly tours with such classics as Giselle and Swan Lake. A major renovation and restoration of the Bolshoi Theatre was completed in 2011.


See study by Y. Grigorovich and V. Vaslov (1984).

References in periodicals archive ?
About Bolshoi Theatre Originally built in 1776 under the name Petrovsky Theatre, the world famous venue was burned down twice and was subsequently reconstructed in the 19th century.
Russia's Bolshoi Theatre reopens on Friday with a star-studded gala performance after a more than six-year, $700-million restoration dogged by delays and financial scandal to reclaim its place as one of the world's cultural jewels.
The Bolshoi Theatre and Pushkin Art Gallery in Moscow, the Mariinsky Theatre and the Hermitage in St.
But a trip to the city's famous Bolshoi Theatre ended with obsessed security guard Oleg Donstov cornering the star as she was trying to leave.
He achieved the highest results in his year at the last end-of-year exams, and has also performed at the Bolshoi Theatre, as well as being selected to perform before the wife and granddaughter of US Vice President Joe Biden during a visit to Moscow earlier this year.
A modern ballet with music by cult US rock band The White Stripes has wowed Bolshoi Theatre audiences, helping the company shake off a conservative image as it plans a return to its historic home.
The ballet received its premiere on February 20, 1877 at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow as The Lake of the Swans.
He describes how he conducted the first performances of Prokofiev and Shostakovich, his work with famous soloists, how he campaigned for a more democratic system at the Bolshoi Theatre and Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, and how he was ultimately cast out of his homeland.
Guests and residents of Dubai are invited to Atlantis, The Palm tocelebrate the young talent of two rising opera stars from the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, Russia.
He is slated to perform Emirates Palace accompanied by Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra.
The capital Moscow has also seen a 37 per cent rise with tourists keen to see the Red Square, Kremlin and Bolshoi Theatre.
Originally presented, with choreography by Julius Reisinger, at the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow, in 1877 Swan Lake was subsequently established as one of the masterpieces of ballet.