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Bolton-le-Moors(bōl`tən-lə-mo͝orz), metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 143,960), NW England, located in the Manchester metropolitan area. Since the late 18th cent., when spinning factories were built and a canal (1791) was constructed to Manchester, Bolton has been a cotton-textile center. Prior to that time, wool weaving, which was stimulated by the immigration of Flemings in the 14th cent., was important. Besides the textile plants (sheets, quilts, towels, bedcovers, and dress materials), factories pack poultry and produce textile and other machinery, chemicals, leather goods, furniture, carpets, and paper. Samuel CromptonCrompton, Samuel,
1753–1827, English inventor of the mule spinner, or muslin wheel, an important step in the development of fine cotton spinning. Working as a young man in a spinning mill, he knew the defects of the Hargreaves jenny and determined to produce something
..... Click the link for more information. , inventor of the spinning mule (1779), was born nearby and is buried in Bolton. Richard ArkwrightArkwright, Sir Richard,
1732–92, English inventor. His construction of a machine for spinning, the water frame, patented in 1769, was an early step in the Industrial Revolution.
..... Click the link for more information. invented the "water frame" there c.1768.
(Bolton-le-Moors), a city and county borough in Great Britain in Lancashire County. Population, 152,500 (1969). Bolton is a part of the Manchester conurbation and a railroad junction. It is one of the oldest (14th century) centers of the textile industry. Its principal industries are cotton manufacturing and the production of automobile and airplane parts. Bolton also has metallurgical, electronics, paper, chemicals, and garment industries.