Boltzmann factor


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Boltzmann factor

[′bōlts‚mən ‚fak·tər]
(statistical mechanics)
The factor exp(‒ E / kT) that appears in the expression giving the probability for atoms to have an excitation energy E when at temperature T, where k is the Boltzmann constant.
References in periodicals archive ?
The rate of SCG is thermally activated as governed by the Boltzmann factor.
However, if the energy is higher, the Boltzmann factor (i.
In the conventional analysis the probability that an oscillator is excited to its k-th state is given by a Boltzmann factor.
The rate of this process is proportional to the 12 K phonon density which is strongly suppressed by the Boltzmann factor [e.
U] and accumulate their Boltzmann factors to calculate the effective potentials for the given configuration according to Eqs.