Bombina


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Bombina

 

a genus of tailless amphibians (Salientia) of the family Discoglossidae. The back is brownish gray in color; there are well-defined black and red (or yellow) spots on the underside. The genus comprises four species: (1) the common fire-bellied toad (B. bombina), which is widely distributed in Europe and in the north as far as 58° N lat. and prefers the plains regions; (2) the B. variegata, which is found in Europe and in the east as far as Transcarpathia and Moldavia and prefers uplands; (3) the B. orientalis, which lives in the Far East, Korea, and North China; and (4) the B. maxima, which is found in the mountains of Yunnan (China). The body of the first three species measures up to 52 mm long and that of the fourth species, up to 68 mm long. The Bombina spends most of the day in water, emerging on land only at twilight. If it somehow is caught on land, it arches its legs over its back (unken reflex) showing the bright color of the underside (warning color). When irritated, the Bombina skin secretes a poisonous foamy substance.

References in periodicals archive ?
Peter Chapple-Hyam, trainer of Bombina "She's very well and I'm expecting her to run a big race.
The pygmy cormorant is one of 23 bird species listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive found at the site, which is also home to three amphibian species listed in Annex II of the Habitats Directive (Bombina bombina, Bombina variegate and Bufo bufo), a reptile, the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis) and four fish species (Gymnocephalus schraetzer, Gymnocephalus baloni, Zingel streber and Zingel zingel).
Off Chance travels well enough to encourage this drop to 1m, and the way Bombina hit the front last time and then was beaten means she too makes some appeal over the shorter trip.
In Bombina variegata, note repetition rate and frequency increase with an increase in temperature whereas call duration decreases with a rise in temperature (Zweifel, 1959).
Restoration, improvement and reconnection of floodplain water bodies will lead to the creation of diverse aquatic and terrestrial habitats for Bombina variegata and Triturus carnifex.
He is survived by four sons, Santo Conte and his wife Bombina, Giuseppe "Joe" Conte and his wife Pina, Angelo Conte and his wife Darlene all of Worcester and Antonio Conte and his wife Assunta of Acri, Italy; his daughter, Francesca Patramanis and her husband Perry of Worcester; eleven grandchildren, Anthony Conte and his wife Francesca, Karin Conte and her partner Diedra Finney, Frank Conte, Giuseppe "Pino" Conte all of Worcester, Domenic "Mimmo" Conte and his wife Nicole of Virginia, Rosie Scano and her husband Derek of Millbury, Constantino "Dino" Patramanis, Tatiana Conte, Alessia Conte, Giuliano Conte and Simona Conte all of Worcester; nine great grandchildren; many nieces, nephews and cousins.
Jack Mitchell rode a fine race to take the 1m2f fillies' handicap on the Ralph Beckett-trained Wake Me Now, bringing her late to beat the favourite Bombina by two lengths.
She was born in Acri, province of Cosenza, Italy, a daughter of Francesco and Bombina (Altomare) Marchese.
Rose is survived by her devoted husband and partner of 59 years, Domenico Conte; her cherished five children, Santo Conte and his wife Bombina of Worcester, Antonio Conte and his wife Assunta in Acri, Italy, Giuseppe Conte and his wife Pina, Francesca Patramanis and her husband Perry, Angelo Conte and his wife Darlene all of Worcester; three brothers, Antonio "Tony" and Armando Marchese of Worcester, and Natale Marchese in Acri, Italy; two sisters, Maria O'Connor of West Boylston and Ortenza Viterritti of Parma, Italy; twelve grandchildren; nine great grandchildren; many nieces, nephews, extended family and friends.
The project actions will be carried out in one of the most important Italian sites for the following species: Elaphe situla, Triturus carnifex, Triturus vulgaris and Bombina pachypus.
Adrian McCarthy returned from a back injury to ride his first winner of the year on Faidal for Tom Dascombe at Pontefract at the end of April and doubled his score when partnering Bombina to land the 1m fillies' handicap.