Bombina


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Bombina

 

a genus of tailless amphibians (Salientia) of the family Discoglossidae. The back is brownish gray in color; there are well-defined black and red (or yellow) spots on the underside. The genus comprises four species: (1) the common fire-bellied toad (B. bombina), which is widely distributed in Europe and in the north as far as 58° N lat. and prefers the plains regions; (2) the B. variegata, which is found in Europe and in the east as far as Transcarpathia and Moldavia and prefers uplands; (3) the B. orientalis, which lives in the Far East, Korea, and North China; and (4) the B. maxima, which is found in the mountains of Yunnan (China). The body of the first three species measures up to 52 mm long and that of the fourth species, up to 68 mm long. The Bombina spends most of the day in water, emerging on land only at twilight. If it somehow is caught on land, it arches its legs over its back (unken reflex) showing the bright color of the underside (warning color). When irritated, the Bombina skin secretes a poisonous foamy substance.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ovum size plasticity and maternal effects on the early development of the frog, Bombina orientalis Boulenger, in a field population in Korea.
Antimicrobial peptides from skin secretions of chinese red belly toad Bombina maxima.
The genetic structure of the hybrid zone between the fire-bellied toads Bombina bombina and B.
Genetic analysis of a hybrid zone between the fire-bellied toads, Bombina bombina and B.
Armando was born in Acri, province of Cosenza Italy, one of six children of Francesco and Bombina (Altomare) Marchese.
Effect of temperature on call of the frog Bombina variegata.
25 Leicester European Breeders' Fund Fillies' Handicap 7f Live on ATR Card page 39 Key stat Peter Chapple-Hyam has a 29 per cent strike-rate in 3yo handicaps at Leicester and saddles Bombina
En 1969 se descubrieron en Bombina variegata, dos peptidos con actividad antimicrobiana (Csordas & Michl, 1969), y a partir de esa fecha numerosos peptidos con la misma propiedad fueron identificados en abejas, avispas, hormigas, aranas y escorpiones (Steiner et al.
Segnalazione di chytridiomicosi in popolazioni di Bombina pachypus (Anura, Bombinatoridae) dell' Appennino toscoemiliano.
Intraspecific and sex-specific oophagy in a salamander and a frog: reproductive convergence of Taricha torosa and Bombina orientalis.
Active management of: 12 ha of temporary ponds and 120 temporary ponds of 5-25m; 10 banks of loose materials for solitary bees and sand martin reproductions; 5 ha of screes with pioneer vegetation of the Alysso sedion; 96 fauna shelters; Four translocated populations of Bufo calamita and four translocated populations of Triturus cristatus to suitable quarry habitats in the project sites; and Successful introduction of a population of Bombina variegata.