bonsai

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bonsai

(bōn`sī), art of cultivating dwarf treesdwarf tree,
in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller
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. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants. In bonsai cultivation, woody plants are kept small and in true proportion to their natural models by growing them in small containers, feeding and watering them only enough for healthy growth, pruning, and training branches in the desired shape by the application of wire coils; the term bonsai also refers to the plants dwarfed by this method. Weathered trees in harsh climates serve as natural models for aged-looking, gnarled, bent, and overhanging miniature trees. The selection of containers, the position of the plant in the container, and the choice of single plants or plant groupings are important aesthetic considerations. In Japan, various native evergreens, i.e., junipers, spruces, and pines, as well as many flowering deciduous trees, are cultivated; in America many native species have been found suitable. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden in New York City houses an extensive bonsai collection.

Bibliography

See Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Handbook on Dwarfed Potted Trees: The Bonsai of Japan (1974).

bonsai

[bōn′sī]
(botany)
The production of a mature, very dwarfed tree in a relatively small container.

bonsai

the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
www.bonsai4me.com
www.bonsaiweb.com
http://geocities.com/bonsai_enthusiasts/index.html
www.saba.org.za
References in periodicals archive ?
It is precisely because they are so small that they need a lot of attention - some of the smallest bonsai trees would need to be watered a couple of times a day in the summer.
It's wonderful having a show in Cardiff,' said Mrs Campbell, who has been growing Bonsai trees for 40 years and runs the Observatory Bonsai Nursery, in Cyncoed.
as she indulges her boy friend's passion for BONSAI TREES.
The miniature tree enthusiast, who has had thousands of pounds of bonsai trees stolen, has invented a device which he hopes will put an end to the raids.
BONSAI trees have become the latest must-have addition to the homes and gardens of the North West.
Wirral Bonsai Tree Society now has more than 50 members.
It's the time, dedication, patience and commitment needed to mature and care for a bonsai tree that distinguishes a bonsai master from an enthusiast or person just starting out in this worthwhile hobby.
Since winning last year Lawrence, a lecturer in contemporary textiles at University of Wales Institute Cardiff who has studios at Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff, has created another wrapped Bonsai tree and is in talks with a gallery to create a wrapped tree for a National Trust property in Herefordshire.
com, 0800 731 9731); Bonsai tree in pot, pounds 40 (www.
Q What should I be doing with my bonsai tree during the winter?
If he had his way, there'd be nothing left except the Bonsai tree and a few candles.