Bontempelli, Massimo

Bontempelli, Massimo

(mäs`sēmō bōntĕmpĕl`lē), 1878–1960, Italian writer and critic. One of the first of the intellectuals to support fascism, he was also a convert to futurismfuturism,
Italian school of painting, sculpture, and literature that flourished from 1909, when Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's first manifesto of futurism appeared, until the end of World War I.
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 for a time. He is best known for his fiction—bizzare, intellectual, and beautifully written—which was influential in the development of magic realismmagic realism,
primarily Latin American literary movement that arose in the 1960s. The term has been attributed to the Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier, who first applied it to Latin-American fiction in 1949.
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. Among his works are the novels La vita operosa [the active life] (1920) and Il figlio di due madri (1920, tr. The Boy with Two Mothers, 2000). He also wrote poetry and plays.

Bontempelli, Massimo

 

Born May 12, 1878, in Como; died July 23, 1960, in Rome. Italian writer.

Between 1926 and 1929, Bontempelli supervised the journal Novecento in Rome and was the theoretician of the literary tendency called Novecentism, which proclaimed the emancipation of the creative power of fantasy from reality (for example, in the book Literary Novecentism, 1931). He advanced the formulation of magical realism, which combined realistic concreteness and grotesque fantasy and confused the regularities of the real world, in the novels A Son of Two Mothers (1929), People in Time (1937), and others.

WORKS

Tutto narratore, vols. 1–7. [Milan], 1938.
In Russian translation:
“Ostrov Iren.” In Ital’ianskaia novella XX veka. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Russo, L. Inarratori (1850–1950). Milan-Messina, [1951].
Gargiulo, A. Letteratura italiana del novecento. Florence, 1958.
Baldacci, L. M. Bontempelli. Turin, [1967].

Z. M. POTAPOVA

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