Booker T. Washington

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Booker T. Washington
Booker Taliaferro Washington
BirthplaceHale's Ford, Virginia, U.S.
Educator, Author, and African American Civil Rights Leader

Washington, Booker T. (Taliaferro) (b. Booker Taliaferro)

(1856–1915) educator; born in Hale's Ford, Va. He was born into slavery and adopted the name "Booker Washington" as a schoolboy; he graduated from Hampton Institute, Virginia (1875). As its first principal (1881–1915), Washington built Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, into a major black institution offering "industrial education," or vocational training, to its own students and, through its extension programs, to rural blacks. His teaching, writing, and lecturing—particularly a famous address in Atlanta in September 1895—established him as America's foremost black leader, although his promotion of education and economic progress rather than demanding equal rights as the key to progress alienated many African-American intellectuals. He was the founder and first president (1900–15) of the National Black Business League. The first of his three autobiographical volumes was Up from Slavery (1901).
References in periodicals archive ?
King will also speak at the Booker Washington Center, Northern Illinois Women's Center (abortion clinic) and Christian Life Schools in the Rockford First Assembly auditorium.
With the Rose Bowl on the line for both teams, Booker Washington scored with 57 seconds left to tie the score with his only career touchdown.
The great tradition of Tuskegee, the spirit of self-reliance and skill development - Booker Washington argued that you should not starve on the farm because you have a dysfunctional education.
THE STORY: Booker Washington scored from 1 yard out with 54 seconds remaining to give Oregon State the victory and the right to represent the Pacific Athletic Conference in the Rose Bowl in Tommy Prothro's last season as the Beavers' coach.