Bophuthatswana


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Related to Bophuthatswana: Ciskei

Bophuthatswana

(bōpo͞o`tätswän'ə), former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa. The capital was Mmabatho (see MahikengMahikeng,
formerly Mafikeng
or Mafeking
, city (2011 pop. 290,269), capital of North West prov., N central South Africa, near the border of Botswana. It is the market for the surrounding cattle-raising and dairy-farming area and is an important railroad depot.
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). Under acts of the South African Parliament, land was set aside for blacks in pseudoindependent territories (originally called "bantustans"), allegedly to allow to the blacks self-government and cultural preservation. In reality the homelands allowed the white government to control blacks and exclude them from the political process. Bophuthatswana was designated as a homeland for Tswana-speaking people.

Bophuthatswana achieved "self-government" under the Homeland Constitution Act of 1971. In 1977 it was granted "independence," and the South African citizenship of those relocated to the homeland was revoked. Bophuthatswana was not recognized outside South Africa as an independent state. In 1988, the South African government forcibly reinstated Kgosi Lucas Mangope as head of state after a coup attempt. Early in 1994, Mangope was removed by the Pretoria government, which installed an interim government in the homeland. After South Africa's first all-race elections later that year, Bophuthatswana was reincorporated into the country.

Bophuthatswana

(formerly) a Bantu homeland in N South Africa: consisted of six separate areas; granted independence by South Africa in 1977 although this was not internationally recognized; abolished in 1993. Capital: Mmabatho
References in periodicals archive ?
I first heard of Graham when I was in Bophuthatswana.
This situation prevailed until 1994, when Mangope was forced out of power as Bophuthatswana reintegrated into South Africa.
Marriage Act, 1978, (Transkei, S Afr), No 21 of 1978; Bophuthatswana Registration of Customary Unions Act, (Bophuthatswana, S Afr), No 8 of 1977; KwaZulu Act on the Code of Zulu Law, (Kwazulu, S Afr), No 16 of 1985; Natal Code of Zulu Law, (Kwazulu, S Afr), Proclamation No R151 of 1987.
These Bantustans, known collectively by the initialism TBVC (Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei), each had their own military forces.
Despite misgivings by the then Mauritian government about dealing with someone perceived to be closely associated with the apartheid regime, the Johannesburg-born hotel and gambling magnate used his considerable experience, already deployed to good effect in his Sun City development in Bophuthatswana, and introduced world-class management practices to the island's hospitality sector.
Similarly, when South Africa created the Bantustan States of Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei between 1976 and 1981 as part of its Apartheid policy, they were not considered as States by the rest of the international community.
And in the Israeli fashion of promoting erstwhile "Bantustans" such as Bophuthatswana, whereby projects were financed by Israeli entrepreneurs with the full backing of the Tel Aviv regime, it is unfortunate that South Africa seems oblivious of similar trappings.
1994: AWB invades tribal homeland of Bophuthatswana and is defeated; three AWB men die
Bophuthatswana even maintained an embassy in the only other country to recognise it, Israel.
After working in rural Bophuthatswana, he specialised in general surgery at the University of Cape Town and sub-specialised in trauma surgery.
During Nelson Mandela's presidential campaign in 1994 (above), thousands of African National Congress (ANC) supporters rally in a football stadium in the Black homeland of Bophuthatswana.