Boracite


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boracite

[′bȯr·ə‚sīt]
(mineralogy)
Mg3B7O13Cl A white, yellow, green, or blue orthorhombic borate mineral occurring in crystals which appear isometric in external form; it is strongly pyroelectric, has a hardness of 7 on Mohs scale, and a specific gravity of 2.9.

Boracite

 

a mineral from the group of anhydrous borates. Chemical composition Mg3[B7O12]OCl. It contains 62.5 percent B2O3. It crystallizes into a rhombic (pseudocubic) sys-tem. The structure is of the complex shell type and contains [BO3]3- and (BO4)5-. Part of the Mg may be replaced by Fe2+. Boracite forms shiny crystals of cubic, tetrahedral, or dodecahedral appearance. The color is bluish-gray; frequently, it is colorless. Its hardness on the mineralogical scale is 7.5; its density is 2,930–2,950 kg /m3. Boracite is rare. It is formed in sedimentary deposits of gypsum, anhydrite, and potassium and rock salts.