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Born Jan. 7, 1871, in St. Affrique; died Feb. 3, 1956, in Paris. French mathematician, member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1921).
From 1897 to 1920, Borel was a professor (director from 1911 to 1920) of the Ecole Nórmale and was also a professor at the Sorbonne (1909–41). He was the creator of several branches of contemporary mathematical analysis (divergent series, the broadened understanding of analytic functions, set measure, and Diophantine approximations). The series A Collection of Monographs on the Theory of Functions, established by Borel in 1895, had an essential influence for many years on works in the field of theory of functions. A series of Borel’s works are dedicated to problems of mathematical physics and probability theory.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Sluchai. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
Prostranstvo i vremia. Moscow, 1924.
Osnovnye idei algebry i analiza. Moscow-Leningrad, 1927.
Elementarnaia matematika, 2nd ed., parts 1–2. Odessa, 1922–23.
Veroiatnost’ i dostovernost’. Moscow, 1964.