Bornholm


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Bornholm

(bôrn`hôlm), county (1992 pop. 45,541), 227 sq mi (588 sq km), extreme E Denmark, in the Baltic Sea, near Sweden, consisting mainly of the island of Bornholm, which constitutes almost all of the land area and population of the county. The much smaller islands of the Ertholmene group (Christianø, Frederiksø, and Græsholm), to Bornholm's northeast, are also part of the county.

Bornholm is a low tableland, rocky and steep on its northern and western coasts. Farming, fishing, handicrafts, and tourism are the chief occupations; granite and kaolin are the main exports. Rønne is the principal town of the island and county.

Bornholm was divided (1149) between Denmark and Sweden, ruled (1327–1522) by the Danish archbishops, governed (1525–76) by Lübeck merchants, and ceded (1658) to Denmark. After Germany's surrender (May, 1945) in World War II, German forces made a desperate stand on Bornholm before Soviet troops forced them to surrender.

Bornholm

 

an island belonging to Denmark in the southwestern part of the Baltic Sea. Area, 588 sq km. Population, approximately 49,000 (1968). The northern part of the island is composed of Archean granite; the southern part, of Paleozoic and Mesozoic sandstone, schist, and limestone. The surface is hilly; it is a morainic and fluvial glacial plain, with elevations to 162 m. In the southeast and west there are dunes with plantings of coniferous trees along the coast. Deciduous trees occupy about 17 percent of the territory. There are deposits of clay and kaolin. Granite is quarried. R0nne is the chief city and port. During World II, Born-holm was occupied by fascist German troops (1940). It was liberated by Soviet troops on May 9, 1945.

Bornholm

an island in the Baltic Sea, south of Sweden: administratively part of Denmark. Chief town: Rønne. Pop.: 43 956 (2003 est.). Area: 588 sq. km (227 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The hotel may be a new headline for islanders and visitors alike, but Bornholm has been working on its sustainability plans for a half-decade or more, under an umbrella slogan: Bright Green Island.
Pedersen & Klitten (1990) discerned 6 units (A-F) and 16 subunits based on the gamma-ray log pattern in water wells and scientific wells drilled on southern Bornholm.
Phylogenetic analysis of TBEV-E sequences (1,488 nt) of central European (8) and Scandinavian TBEV strains did not group the Zealand isolate T2 (T3 was not sequenced) with the Bornholm strain but into a subclade with 2 isolates from Sweden, Toro-2003 (9) (GenBank accession no.
Now at home in Bornholm, Ohlsson states that, while she has found it somewhat hard to get started again in her own studio after the intensity of the residency in Canada, she is looking forward to finding ways of integrating her Canadian family of forms with her more familiar Danish ones and to reflecting on her studio practice through the lens of the residency experience.
Once a strong fishing island, Bornholm is now turning to tourism as the fish stock has virtually collapsed.
While Denmark was spared any major fighting or bombing during World War II, Bornholm was chosen for target practice by German V-1 rocket scientists.
Symposium of the Collegium Internationale Allergologicum (25th: Bornholm, Denmark) Ed.
The Polish MEP's report on the conservation of fish in the Baltic Sea includes 15 amendments, including a call for a study of the impact of driftnets on the sea mammal population, the scrapping of plans to prohibit driftnets in the Bornholm Deep, and a redefinition of "extension pieces" for nets.
In 2003, the sanctions imply that the local governments in Copenhagen and Bornholm will have their state grant (their part of the block grant) increased by DKK 12.
Most of the chemical cargo was dumped 70 miles from the Latvian port of Liyepay, at Bornholm Island in Denmark, and some 20 miles from the Swedish port of Lussekil.
She succeeds in building on her hard-won experience through her work as a cook, housekeeper, and companion for various families in Copenhagen, Bornholm, Geneva, and Vejle.