Borovsk


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Borovsk

 

a city, the center of Borovsk Raion, Kaluga Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Protva River (tributary of the Oka), 13 km west of the Balabanovo railroad station (on the Moscow-Briansk line), 80 km southwest of Moscow. Population, 12,000 (1969). The city has factories producing cloth, knitted goods, clothing, and children’s toys. The All-Union Scientific Research Institute on the Physiology and Biochemistry of Farm Animals and two amateur theaters are located here. Borovsk was founded in the 13th century. It belonged to Riazan’ princes and was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Muscovy in the 14th century. In 1444 the Borovsk Pafnut’ev Monastery was founded nearby. In the second half of the 17th century the archpriest Avvakum and the boyarina Morozova were incarcerated in the city. K. E. Tsiolkovskii lived and taught in Borovsk from 1880 to 1891. His apartment is now a museum.

References in classic literature ?
That same evening a house serf who had come from Borovsk said he had seen an immense army entering the town.
All three candidates--Metropolitan Kliment of Kaluga and Borovsk (code-named Topaz), Metropolitan Filaret of Minsk and Slutsk (code-named Ostrovskii), and Metropolitan Kirill (code-named Mikhailov)--also have been reliably identified as agents of the KGB/FSB.
A new technical textiles mill Porsher Modern Materials - an affiliate of France's Porcher Industries - was inaugurated in the Borovsk district of the Kaluga Region on December 18.
Households Belev 1718 4110 841 Borovsk 1719 2399 335 Maloiaroslavets 1715 976 156 Riazan' 1718 1589 220 Toropets 1710 3674 839 Tula 1715 5309 916 Tula 1720 3022 502 Uglich 1717 5089 877 Ustiuzhna 1713 2277 417 Viatka 1710 4368 724 Viatka 1717 2387 394 Zaraisk 1715 2980 498 TOTALS 38180 6719 SOURCE: Population inventories (see fn.
Table 5 Occupants of Poor Households by Sex, Early Eighteenth-Century Russian Towns Town Male Female Belev 20 22 Borovsk 100 130 Maloiaroslavets 5 16 Riazan' 89 81 Toropets 217 230 Tula 1715 204 273 Tula 1720 72 87 Uglich 642 802 Ustiuzhna 171 196 Viatka 1710 187 298 Viatka 1717 87 92 Zaraisk 40 48 TOTALS 1834 2275 (55.
In Borovsk and Zaraisk widows headed nearly half the poor households.
Matrena Stepanova doch' Nechaeva, for example, was widowed and already in old age (74) when the census-takers came to Borovsk in 1718.