Bosnia and Herzegovina Statehood Day

Bosnia and Herzegovina Statehood Day

November 25
Bosnia and Herzegovina are two adjoining regions in the Balkans that were ruled by Croatian kings in medieval times. They were united into a province under the Turkish Ottoman Empire. From Turkish control, the area passed into Austria-Hungary's realm until Bosnia became part of Yugoslavia in 1918. It was in the capital city of Sarajevo that Austrian Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated, sparking the first World War.
Statehood Day commemorates the November 25, 1943, assembly of the first joint Bosnian and Herzegovinan parliament. In 1946 Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of the newly formed Yugoslav federation.
Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia on March 1, 1992. Bloody conflict between Serbs, Muslims, and Croats escalated into a Serbian ethnic cleansing program to oust the Muslim and Croatian populations, which NATO peacekeeping troops, deployed in 1995-96, stemmed. In March 1994 the Croat and Muslim factions signed an agreement to be united into the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Dayton Agreement of December 14, 1995, established a democratic government and constitution.
CONTACTS:
Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2109 E. St. N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20037
202-337-1500; fax: 202-337-1502
www.bhembassy.org
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