Bosporus

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Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
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], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
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 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
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. İstanbulstraddles the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
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, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The July 15th Martyrs Bridge (formerly the Bosporus Bridge; a suspension bridge) opened in 1973. A second suspension bridge, the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, was completed in 1988, a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013, and a third bridge, the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, a hybrid cable-stayed suspension bridge, opened in 2016; all are in İstanbul. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
References in periodicals archive ?
83) reflecting the changes in the crude oil markets above and the seasonal impact of night time shipping restrictions in the Bosphorous Straits, increased demurrage costs and shipping rates.
Crossing the Bosphorous en route to the stadium, traffic had ground to a halt.
Inside the stadium Turkish fans unfurled a banner warning England: "You will drown in the Bosphorous.
He was later cleared at a trial in Livingston of smashing the window of the Bosphorous take- away.
In the cases of Nakata and Sukur, they have been abysmal throughout the tournament and it's a wonder how the Bull of the Bosphorous can keep his place with Ilhan Mansiz knocking on the door.
The Soviets pumped oil from Baku on the western shore across Russia to the port of Novorossisk on the Black Sea, which forces shipping to pass through the narrow Bosphorous strait near Istanbul, Turkey.
Hakan Sukur, the Bull of the Bosphorous, recovered from injury was the one man they kept a watchful eye on.
The view from the Bosphorous, paper delivered at Art Theft and its Control Conference, London, 14-15 November 1995.
The Turkish threat to block tankers through the Bosphorous Straits would interfere with oil company-preferred plans for a Baku-Supsa pipeline.
The existing pipeline which runs through Chechnya on its way to Novorossiysk, the Russian port on the Black Sea is entirely inadequate There are around a 1,000 ships a week passing through the Bosphorous and the Turks are deeply worried about the safety of Istanbul and want to slow the traffic passing through the straits after a collision involving an oil tanker took place three years ago.
Furthermore, the construction of the Izmit Bay Crossing-Gebze-Izmir motorway and the ongoing work on the Marmaray tunnel beneath the Bosphorous strait are key projects promoting growth.
The United States-based multinational consultant Parsons International designed the first and second section of the carriageway, which together account for a 180-km section, while Turkey's Bosphorous Technical Consulting Corporation (BOTEK) is providing the consultancy services for the remaining 85-km stretch of the road project.