Bosporus

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Related to Bosphorus Strait: Dardanelles Strait

Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
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], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
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 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
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. İstanbulis on the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
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, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The Bosporus Bridge, one of the world's longest suspension bridges (3,524 ft/1,074 m long; opened 1973) spans the strait at İstanbul. A second bridge was completed in 1988, and a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
References in periodicals archive ?
WHERE TO STAY | SHANGRI-LA BOSPHORUS, ISTANBUL A SHORT distance from the Ottoman-built Dolmabahce Palace, this exciting new hotel is set on the shores of the Bosphorus Strait in the busy Besiktas area of the city.
Three Russian amphibious assault ships, each carrying up to 120 marines on board, are currently sailing across the Mediterranean Sea, where they will eventually pass through the Bosphorus strait to the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.
But unprecedented urban construction and proposed development around and over the Bosphorus Strait could forever alter the fabric and feel of the city.
An oil pipeline bypassing Turkey's Bosphorus Strait would have little impact on shipping safety on the waterway because crude oil shipments constitute a small and declining percentage of total traffic, according to a new IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates (IHS CERA) report.
Taxi drivers in Istanbul blocked one of two bridges across the Bosphorus Strait, registering their anger by blaring horns.
Divided in two by the Bosphorus Strait, Istanbul is the only city in the world to straddle two continents - Asia on the eastern shores and Europe to the west.
IDO runs services across the Bosphorus Strait dividing Turkey's largest city and through the Sea of Marmara, among the world's busiest waterways.
Roza Otubaeva will attend the summit of Turkic speaking countries on September 16, will make Bosphorus strait boat cruise, where Turkish President Abdullah Gul will host a lunch to honor the leaders of the Turkic speaking countries.
It stems from salty water spilling through the Bosphorus Strait from the Mediterranean into the Black Sea, where the water has a lower salt content.
Moscow has offered to get a stake in the pipeline, as this trans-Anatolian artery will be transporting Russian and Kazakh crudes thus bypassing the Bosphorus strait.
Windstar also offers Cappadocia five-night pre- and post-cruise packages that include hotel accommodations, tours in Istanbul and Cappadocia, select meals, flight to Cappadocia, yacht cruise along the Bosphorus Strait and transfers.
Istanbul is situated on the steep banks of the Bosphorus strait, one of the world's busiest waterways and a major conduit for cargo ships and oil tankers from the Black Sea.