Bosporus


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Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
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], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
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 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
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. İstanbulstraddles the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
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, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The July 15th Martyrs Bridge (formerly the Bosporus Bridge; a suspension bridge) opened in 1973. A second suspension bridge, the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, was completed in 1988, a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013, and a third bridge, the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, a hybrid cable-stayed suspension bridge, opened in 2016; all are in İstanbul. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
References in periodicals archive ?
Latif Kurl, Bosporus restaurant manager, said, "We are not sure of the cause, but it is 99 per cent likely due to the gas explosion," he said.
Once the Mediterranean Sea breached the Bosporus Strait, it irreversibly changed the history of the people in the area, as well as the flora and fauna.
ANKARA: Turkey's prime minister announced Wednesday what he called a "crazy and magnificent" plan to build a new waterway to the Black Sea, promising that the tanker-clogged Bosporus through Istanbul would soon be used for sports and boat trips.
4 billion link, with capacity of 35 million metric tons of oil a year, would bypass the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits, saving shipping costs.
Flames were clearly seen across the Bosporus from where fireboats sprayed water onto the burning roof.
Bosporus Gymnastic Championship HRH Princess Rahmah Bint El-Hassan, president of Jordan Gymnastic Federation, commended the performance of the national team in the 21st International Bosporus Gymnatic Championship, which was held in Istanbul with the participation of Albania, Azerbaijan, Egypt, France, Jordan, Kazakhstan, and Turkey.
Traffic to Asia, traffic to Europe: the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge crosses the Bosporus in Istanbul.
This Venetian palazzo would be equally at home as a 'kiosk' on the Bosporus or a merchant's villa on the Yangtze River.
But this documentary mainly plays as a transporting musical journey, back and forth across the Bosporus, East and West, the present and the wine-dark past.
Sabiha Gokcen International Airport, across the Bosporus on the Asian side of the city, and will introduce flights on 1 August from Luton, initially on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays increasing to daily from September 4.
RADWIN's WinLink(TM) 1000 Wireless Broadband Solutions Link Together Turkey's Bogazici University's European and Asian campuses across the Bosporus Strait
At the end of her trip she whisks exhilaratingly along the Bosporus as Istanbul's mosques and modern buildings rise on both banks.