Bosporus

(redirected from Bosporus Strait)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Bosporus Strait: Dardanelles Strait

Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
..... Click the link for more information.
], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
..... Click the link for more information.
 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
..... Click the link for more information.
. İstanbulstraddles the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The July 15th Martyrs Bridge (formerly the Bosporus Bridge; a suspension bridge) opened in 1973. A second suspension bridge, the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, was completed in 1988, a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013, and a third bridge, the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, a hybrid cable-stayed suspension bridge, opened in 2016; all are in İstanbul. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors call attention to a striking discovery: rising global sea levels following the last ice age caused the Mediterranean to overflow through what is now the Bosporus strait in a flood that created much of the modern Black Sea, previously a lake.
However, among the choices for pipelines from the Caspian Sea are several that will involved significant additional movement of the oil and gas by tanker through the Bosporus Strait, already a crowded and dangerous passageway that lies directly adjacent to Istanbul.
Although usually thought to have traversed a land route running north from the Middle East and then westward across territory bordering the Mediterranean Sea or regions farther inland, they may have traveled across the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa or across the Bosporus Strait from Turkey.
Canal Istanbul" Proposed to Ease Water Traffic Congestion on the Bosporus Strait and Trigger Growth of a New City
It's situated on a small islet located in the Bosporus Strait off the coast of E[pounds sterling]skE-dar, near Harem.
While in Istanbul, Abe is also scheduled to attend the opening ceremony of a subway line, which will pass through the Bosporus Strait via undersea tunnel to link the European and Asian sides of the city.
In an opulent hall on the shores of the Bosporus Strait, delegates delivered speeches promising support for Afghan sovereignty, and endorsed a transition to Afghan security leadership, efforts for a political solution to the war and economic development.
Mr Borisov has also shelved a deal to pipe Russian crude oil across Bulgaria and Greece to the Aegean Sea, circumventing a congested tanker route through the Bosporus strait in Turkey, saying the plan posed an environmental risk to the tourist industry along Bulgaria's Black Sea coast.
The pipeline is scheduled to be operational by 2009 and alleviate the congested tanker traffic through the Bosporus strait.
The 285km pipeline will link the Bulgarian port Burgas in the Black Sea with Alexandroupolis in northern Greece in the Aegean Sea, bypassing the Bosporus Strait.
3 billion yen order from the Turkish government to build a tunnel crossing the Bosporus Strait, the major general contractor's largest overseas deal ever, a Japanese business daily reported Friday.