Bosporus

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Related to Bosporus Strait: Dardanelles Strait

Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
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], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
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 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
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. İstanbulis on the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
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, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The Bosporus Bridge, one of the world's longest suspension bridges (3,524 ft/1,074 m long; opened 1973) spans the strait at İstanbul. A second bridge was completed in 1988, and a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
References in periodicals archive ?
com), a leading provider of advanced wireless broadband solutions, today announced that Turkey's prestigious Bogazici University chose its WinLink(TM) 1000 systems to connect the University's Kandilli campus in the Asian side of Istanbul to the Bebek campus, located across the Bosporus strait in the European side of Istanbul.
Middle Eastern hominids may have taken a Turkish route across the narrow Bosporus Strait on those early European jaunts, Dennell and Roebroeks theorize.
The proposed canal would be between 28 and 31 miles long, over 80 feet deep, about 500 feet wide, and would run parallel to the existing Bosporus Strait, which runs through Istanbul and is notorious for traffic congestion.
In an opulent hall on the shores of the Bosporus Strait, delegates delivered speeches promising support for Afghan sovereignty, and endorsed a transition to Afghan security leadership, efforts for a political solution to the war and economic development.
Mr Borisov has also shelved a deal to pipe Russian crude oil across Bulgaria and Greece to the Aegean Sea, circumventing a congested tanker route through the Bosporus strait in Turkey, saying the plan posed an environmental risk to the tourist industry along Bulgaria's Black Sea coast.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu summoned Andrey Karlov, the Russian ambassador to Ankara, on Monday, saying that such "provocation" as seen from the Russian serviceman on the Bosporus Strait -- "has to end.
The route would go from Burgas on Bulgaria's Black Sea coast to the Greek port of Alexandroupolis, providing an outlet to the Mediterranean, therefore avoiding the busy Bosporus Strait.
The pipeline is scheduled to be operational by 2009 and alleviate the congested tanker traffic through the Bosporus strait.
3 billion yen order from the Turkish government to build a tunnel crossing the Bosporus Strait, the major general contractor's largest overseas deal ever, a Japanese business daily reported Friday.
The Turkish prime minister also said when Russian battleships passed through the Bosporus Strait, Turkey was aware what they were carrying to Syria.
ANKARA, Dec 17 (KUNA) -- Turkey sold for 25 years operating rights for about 2,000 kilometers of toll roads, two beltways and two bridges over the Bosporus Strait for USD 5.
The 30-kilometer long Bosporus strait that bisects Istanbul is, in conjunction with the Dardanelles, the sole passage between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea and is heavily congested with tanker traffic to and from Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Ukraine and southern Russia.