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see BasraBasra
, Arabic al Basrah, city (1987 pop. 406,296), SE Iraq, on the Shatt al Arab. Basra is Iraq's second largest city and principal port. Its commercially advantageous location, near oil fields and 75 mi (121 km) from the Persian Gulf, has made it prosperous, and oil is
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, Iraq.



(in antiquity, Bostra), a city in southern Syria. In ancient times Busra was a city of the Nabataean Kingdom; in A.D. 106 it became the chief center of the Roman province of Arabia. In the seventh century it was conquered by the Arabs. Monuments from Roman times have been partially preserved, such as colonnades of the central street, a triple-span arch, thermae, ruins of palaces, a hippodrome, and a theater (the best of the ancient theaters in Syria). Busra also has the remains of a Christian cathedral (A.D. 513), which is one of the first examples of circular construction with a cupola. A citadel, several mosques, and the most ancient madrasah in Syria date back to the 11th or 12th century.


Ouéchek, E., and S. Mougdad. Bosra. Damascus, 1954.



, Basrah, Busra, Busrah
a port in SE Iraq, on the Shatt-al-Arab. Pop.: 1 187 000 (2005 est.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
The destructions sustained by Bosra represent a further escalation in the horror of war and must be stopped at once to allow the concerned parties to consolidate the agreement reached on the ground to preserve
Director of Bosra Antiquities Department Wafaa al-Audi said expanding the first part of the bathhouses in the 3rd century AD indicates the increase in the number of citizens at that time, Global Arab Network reported.
PRECIOUS GIFT Jockey Ryan Moore stoking up Penny's Gift towards a three-length victory in The EBF Igloos Bosra Sham Fillies' Stakes at Newmarket yesterday.
The Warren Place trainer said: "Due to the lack of time, the decision has been made to retire Bosra Sham.
He and Said split following Bosra Sham's unlucky-in-running defeat in the Eclipse Stakes earlier this summer, with Pat Eddery being retained by the owner in the aftermath of the Sandown race.
Hours earlier Cecil's star filly Bosra Sham had taken another big step forward in her bid to make York's Group One Juddmonte International Stakes on Tuesday when her problem foot coped well with an early-morning spin.
Derby winner Benny The Dip is "80 per cent certain" to take on Bosra Sham in the Eclipse Stakes and miss the Irish Derby, trainer John Gosden said yesterday.
In territory barely the size of the UK, Syria can boast a wealth of architectural, archaeological and historical masterpieces: the Roman theatre at Bosra, Crusader castles and in particular the Crak des Chevaliers, Byzantine churches, and Palmyra, are but a few of its most famous and spectacular.
Freyberger (4 articles): Architectural ornament of the theater at Bosra, which suggests a late second or early third century A.
An army unit on Thursday carried out concentrated bombardments against dens and fortifications of Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists in Bosra al-Sham City in the countryside of Daraa southern province.
BOSRA SHAM 1997 Unlike several of her illustrious predecessors on the Brigadier Gerard roll of honour, Bosra Sham enjoyed a glittering career at two and three and arrived at Sandown with a 1,000 Guineas and a Champion Stakes under her belt.