Busra

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Busra:

see BasraBasra
, Arabic al Basrah, city (1987 pop. 406,296), SE Iraq, on the Shatt al Arab. Basra is Iraq's second largest city and principal port. Its commercially advantageous location, near oil fields and 75 mi (121 km) from the Persian Gulf, has made it prosperous, and oil is
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, Iraq.

Busra

 

(in antiquity, Bostra), a city in southern Syria. In ancient times Busra was a city of the Nabataean Kingdom; in A.D. 106 it became the chief center of the Roman province of Arabia. In the seventh century it was conquered by the Arabs. Monuments from Roman times have been partially preserved, such as colonnades of the central street, a triple-span arch, thermae, ruins of palaces, a hippodrome, and a theater (the best of the ancient theaters in Syria). Busra also has the remains of a Christian cathedral (A.D. 513), which is one of the first examples of circular construction with a cupola. A citadel, several mosques, and the most ancient madrasah in Syria date back to the 11th or 12th century.

REFERENCE

Ouéchek, E., and S. Mougdad. Bosra. Damascus, 1954.

N. A. SIDOROVA

Basra

, Basrah, Busra, Busrah
a port in SE Iraq, on the Shatt-al-Arab. Pop.: 1 187 000 (2005 est.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, the army killed terrorists of al-Nusra Front, and destroyed their arms at the Western neighborhood of Bosra al-Sham in the Eastern countryside of Dara'a.
David Simcock also has big hopes for Terror, who won the Bosra Sham Stakes at the track in October.
A Syrian military source reported heavy fighting with armed groups on Tuesday night in and around Bosra Al Sham, whose ancient city is listed as a UNESCO world heritage site.
Provinces, SANA -- The terrorist groups Jabhet al-Nusra and al-Muthana Movement on Sunday shelled the city of Bosra al-Cham in Daraa province, claiming the lives of 15 civilians and damaging vital facilities and infrastructure in the city.
Moreover, violent clashes occured between the army and different Islamic factions in Bosra city, the observatory added.
The sites on the UNESCO committee's danger list include the historical centers of Damascus, Bosra and Aleppo, as well as the desert oasis of Palmyra, a cultural center of the ancient world.
London, Jan 18 (ANI): Roman bathhouses discovered in the archaeological city of Bosra are said to have played a very important role in the social life of the inhabitants during the Roman reign.
RICHARD Hughes closed the gap on leading jockey Paul Hanagan to five as Sweet Cecily's success in the EBF Bosra Sham Fillies' Stakes kick-started a Newmarket double for the rider.
Summary: BOSRA, Syria: Exploiting the acoustics of a free-standing Roman theater at Bosra in Syria, two French women serenade other tourists with an impromptu operatic medley.
Bargain-buy Bahia Breeze (above right) finished strongly to out battle some better-fancied rivals in the EBF Bosra Sham Fillies' Stakes at Newmarket yesterday.
BOSRA SHAM, the filly described earlier this year by Henry Cecil as the best horse he has ever trained, has been retired after suffering a recurrence of the foot problem that has dogged her career.
Fallon could be reunited with Bosra Sham in next month's Champion Stakes at Newmarket after winning aboard Bin Rosie for owner Wafic Said.