Boston Tea Party

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Boston Tea Party,

1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend ActsTownshend Acts,
1767, originated by Charles Townshend and passed by the English Parliament shortly after the repeal of the Stamp Act. They were designed to collect revenue from the colonists in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
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, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India CompanyEast India Company, British,
1600–1874, company chartered by Queen Elizabeth I for trade with Asia. The original object of the group of merchants involved was to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade with the East Indies.
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. The colonists tried to prevent the consignees from accepting taxed tea and were successful in New York and Philadelphia. At Charleston the tea was landed but was held in government warehouses. At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas HutchinsonHutchinson, Thomas,
1711–80, colonial governor of Massachusetts (1771–74) and historian, b. Boston. A descendant of Anne Hutchinson, he was a man of wealth and prominence, of learning, and of notable integrity.
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 refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties. A group of indignant colonists, led by Samuel AdamsAdams, Samuel,
1722–1803, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Boston, Mass.; second cousin of John Adams. An unsuccessful businessman, he became interested in politics and was a member (1765–74) and clerk
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, Paul RevereRevere, Paul,
1735–1818, American silversmith and political leader in the American Revolution, b. Boston. In his father's smithy he learned to work gold and silver, and he became a leading silversmith of New England.
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, and others, disguised themselves as Native Americans, boarded the ships on the night of Dec. 16, 1773, and threw the tea into the harbor. In reply Parliament passed the Boston Port Bill (see Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts,
name given by American patriots to five laws (including the Quebec Act) adopted by Parliament in 1774, which limited the political and geographical freedom of the colonists.
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).

Bibliography

See studies by B. W. Labaree (1964) and B. L. Carp (2010).

Boston Tea Party

irate colonists, dressed as Indians, pillage three British ships (1773). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 58, 495]

Boston Tea Party

colonists rioted against tea tax (1773). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 341]
See: Riot
References in periodicals archive ?
From the Boston Tea Party to the modern-day Tea Party and the Women's March, America has been shaped by protest movements.
traces the events that led to the Boston Tea Party and those that followed it, leading up to the American Revolution.
With the Boston Tea Party, the motivations of the colonial revolutionaries, and the very meaning of the "American way" so regularly debated in the United States recently, it is only fitting that Harlow Giles Unger write a sober study on the events leading up to American independence.
The Boston Tea Party was a 1773 protest against a government-Britain's Parliament--that imposed taxes and other policies on American colonists without allowing them a vote or voice in the decision-making process.
AMERICAN TEMPEST: HOW THE BOSTON TEA PARTY SPARKED A REVOLUTION provides a lively history of the Tea Party and its aftermath, and comes from a historian who recounts the period when colonists didn't have representation in Parliament, yet were expected to pay British taxes.
A is for America," of course, and "B is for Boston Tea Party, C is for Continental Congress," these are all givens and basics in Revolutionary history.
and is meant to resemble the Boston Tea Party of 1773.
All that glorious unpredictability is captured in BBC sessions from the 70s, during which the SAHB blend vaudeville, rock and pop in anthems such as Boston Tea Party, Faith Healer and Gang Bang.
Adams helped stir up the Boston Tea Party (though he did not participate in it), denounced "taxation without representation" as a newspaper editor, and after the Revolution he worked in politics, eventually serving as elected governor of Massachusetts.
When she is dragged along to the Boston Tea Party, life suddenly becomes a lot more complicated.
The December 16 fundraiser was timed to coincide with the 234th anniversary of the Boston Tea Party, an event dear to the hearts of Paul supporters, who cherish limited government and low taxes.

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