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(Tursiops truncatus), a mammal from the dolphin family of the order Cetacea. Its body is from 2.5 m to 3.9 m long and weighs up to 280 kg. It is widely distributed (absent in the Arctic and Antarctic waters). In the USSR, it is found in the Black Sea (mainly along the shores of the Crimea). It feeds on demersal fish. In Soviet waters it has been under protection since 1965. The bottle-nosed dolphin is the most common subject on which oceanariums of many nations (including the USSR) conduct experiments to study echolocation, behavior, functional morphology, and so forth. This is explained by this dolphin’s exceptional capacity to be trained, by its peace-loving nature, and by the fact that it is relatively easy to keep.
REFERENCESTomilin, A. G. Kitoobraznye. Moscow, 1957. (Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran, vol. 9.)
Bel’kovich, V. M., S. E. Kleinenberg, and A. V. Iablokov. Nash drug del’fin. Moscow, 1967.
Tomilin, A. G. Del’finy sluzhat cheloveku. Moscow, 1969.