bottom water

bottom water

[′bäd·əm ‚wȯd·ər]
(hydrology)
Water lying beneath oil or gas in productive formations.
(oceanography)
The water mass at the deepest part of a water column in the ocean.
References in periodicals archive ?
2 Pit Bottom Water (Seepage) To Main Sump From Pit 2 Bottom To 1L/Shaft Dip And Then Along 1Level Same Distance Ahead In R- Iii/Ii (Samla) Seam Of Khottadih Colliery, Pandaveswar Area.
The pot consists of three pieces: the bottom water reservoir, the filter funnel with a metal tube in the center, and the upper chamber that collects the espresso.
They suggested that the trench water is rather freely exchanged by isopycnal mixing with the bottom water overlying the Northwest Pacific abyssal plain.
Physico-chemical parameters showed minimal variations over an annual cycle with sea bottom water temperature of 25-27[degrees]C, salinity of 33-35, pH of 8.
During the meeting, Cairo had asked for an increase to bottom water outlets at the dam from two to four to prevent significant reduce on water flow to its territory.
Species of Serranidae (excluding the black sea bass) in particular seemed constrained to a relatively narrow depth range (from ~70 m to at least 150 m) in the MAB, most likely because of the generally warmer (>10[degrees]C) and less variable bottom water temperatures along the outer shelf of the southern MAB (Colvocoresses and Musick, 1984).
Flow divergence at the seaward tips of the causeways caused upwelling of cold, marine bottom water, which was advected into warm, nearshore waters used for feeding and migration by Arctic fishes.
s] using a bottom water supply method that simulated water entering the soil from below, as would be the case in ground water upwelling.
Four papers from the University of Benin investigate a drilling fluid made from rubber seed oil, the factors affecting water breakthrough time in a horizontal well, and type curves for a reservoir subject to active bottom water drive.
Most disturbing, however, is what this could mean for the global ocean currents that are driven by the Antarctic Bottom Water.