Botvinnik, Mikhail Moiseevich
Born Aug. 4 (17), 1911, in Repino, formerly Kuokkala. Soviet chess player; doctor of technical sciences (1951). A member of the CPSU since 1940. Grand master of the USSR (1935), international grand master (1950), Honored Master of Sport (1945). World champion (1948–57, 1958–60, 1961–63).
Botvinnik is a strategic chess player and an innovator in the area of chess theory, particularly theory of opening moves. He is the author of many works on chess. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.
WORKSIzbrannye partii (1926–1946), 2nd ed. Moscow, 1951.
Sovetskaia shakhmatnaia shkola. Moscow, 1951.
Algoritm igry ν shakhmaty. Moscow, 1968.
REFERENCESShakhmatnoe tvorchestvo Botvinnika, vols. 1–3. Moscow, 1965–68.
Shakhmatnyi slovar’. Compiled by G. M. Geiler. Moscow, 1964.