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(both: bo͞o'gənvĭl`ēə) [for L. A. de BougainvilleBougainville, Louis Antoine de
, 1729–1811, French navigator. He accompanied Montcalm to Canada as aide-de-camp, and he later (c.1764) established a colony on the Falkland Islands but had to surrender the settlement to Spain (1766).
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], any plant of the genus Bougainvillea of the family Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clockfour-o'clock,
common name for members of the Nyctaginaceae, a family of plants found in warm climates, especially in the Americas, chiefly as herbs but often in the tropics as shrubs or trees.
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 family); chiefly tropical American woody vines with showy petallike bracts, usually in shades of brilliant red or purple. Bougainvilleas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Nyctaginaceae.



a genus of South American plants of the family Nyctaginaceae. Plants of this genus are low trees or more often shrubs—creeping, climbing, or clinging (lianas). The leaves alternate and have entire edges. The blossoms are small and profuse and are enclosed in broad, bright covering leaves (bracts), which determine the ornamental value of a bougainvillea. There are approximately 15 species. Two Brazilian species are mainly cultivated: bald bougainvillea (B. glabra)and remarkable bougainvillea (B. spectabilis). These multiply readily by means of cuttings and grow quickly. In the USSR bougainvillea is grown in the south in gardens and in the north in greenhouses.


, bougainvillaea
any tropical woody nyctaginaceous widely cultivated climbing plant of the genus Bougainvillea, having inconspicuous flowers surrounded by showy red or purple bracts
References in periodicals archive ?
Recently, our part of the world has become a playground for the bougainvillea looper, which is the munching caterpillar or larval stage of a small moth.
CLIMATE Bougainvilleas thrive in the low and intermediate deserts (Sunset climate zones 12-13) and in warm parts of California (zones 15-17, 19, and 21-24).
Bougainvillea can supply a profusion of blooms in spring and summer and some will continue to flower through the autumn and winter.
If you come to California from a place like Chicago, as I did, your first impression of bougainvillea is bound to be a positive one.
Bougainvilleas are evergreen in warmer climates but here they'll lose their leaves when the temperature drops below 50F.
Bougainvilleas are an exception; their roots should not be pruned.
In 1994 we had a stovepipe and stucco chimney put in and the bougainvillea is in front of it.
BRING the magic of the Med to your garden this summer by planting a bougainvillea, one of the most popular flowers in sunshine countries.
Like many subtropicals, bougainvilleas usually shed leaves briefly at winter's end, then rapidly shoot out fresh greenery.
We also have a 4-year-old bougainvillea that has some kind of boring beetle that makes a hole, goes about another three inches, and makes another hole.
Bougainvilleas and hibiscus do well in containers for a number of years.
Instead, Davis focuses on a few select types, devoting individual chapters, for example, to citrus, azaleas, camellias, roses and bougainvilleas.