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(both: bo͞o'gənvĭl`ēə) [for L. A. de BougainvilleBougainville, Louis Antoine de
, 1729–1811, French navigator. He accompanied Montcalm to Canada as aide-de-camp, and he later (c.1764) established a colony on the Falkland Islands but had to surrender the settlement to Spain (1766).
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], any plant of the genus Bougainvillea of the family Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clockfour-o'clock,
common name for members of the Nyctaginaceae, a family of plants found in warm climates, especially in the Americas, chiefly as herbs but often in the tropics as shrubs or trees.
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 family); chiefly tropical American woody vines with showy petallike bracts, usually in shades of brilliant red or purple. Bougainvilleas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Nyctaginaceae.



a genus of South American plants of the family Nyctaginaceae. Plants of this genus are low trees or more often shrubs—creeping, climbing, or clinging (lianas). The leaves alternate and have entire edges. The blossoms are small and profuse and are enclosed in broad, bright covering leaves (bracts), which determine the ornamental value of a bougainvillea. There are approximately 15 species. Two Brazilian species are mainly cultivated: bald bougainvillea (B. glabra)and remarkable bougainvillea (B. spectabilis). These multiply readily by means of cuttings and grow quickly. In the USSR bougainvillea is grown in the south in gardens and in the north in greenhouses.


, bougainvillaea
any tropical woody nyctaginaceous widely cultivated climbing plant of the genus Bougainvillea, having inconspicuous flowers surrounded by showy red or purple bracts
References in periodicals archive ?
Beautiful: Bougainvillea | ALLO ALOE ON the way into the property, the little road is lined with greyleaved, yellow flowered aloes.
Certain bougainvilleas are more susceptible than others.
Also known as the paper flower, many people consider their conservatory incomplete without a bougainvillea.
It is possible to grow bougainvillea and hibiscus indoors which will give you a riot of colour, provided you keep them in the right conditions.
Your romance with vining bougainvilleas may end the first time you have to prune them.
Maybe her bougainvillea was climbing up the old fence and had to be cut down.
VIBRANT luscious colours, dreamy scents and eye-catching blooms conjure up memories of holidays in the Mediterranean where beautiful bougainvilleas and awesome oleanders hog the limelight in the sunny streets and gardens.
Hang bougainvilleas, lantanas, and jasmine where they'll get full sun.
A: When bougainvilleas struggle to grow in the Valley, it is nearly always because of insufficient direct sun.
More portable plants can be grown in hanging baskets and a new range of bougainvilleas that have been specially bred for the purpose are available from Grimsdyke House, 12 Southcourt Avenue, Bexhill-on-Sea, East Sussex TN39 3AR.
Draper, all bougainvilleas will be trained on the ground or on arbors off the main path, so drifts of red bracts that fall in June during peak bloom won't need constant sweeping.