Boulangism


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Boulangism

 

a chauvinistic movement in France led by General G. E. Boulanger. Boulangism arose at the end of the 1880’s during a time of political and economic crisis in the Third Republic. Boulanger’s goal was the establishment of a military dictatorship, and to this end he made use of the dissatisfaction of the masses and the petite bourgeoisie with the policies of the dominant big bourgeoisie. At first the movement had the support of the radicals, although its main strength came from the monarchists (with whom Boulanger maintained secret ties), extreme nationalists who hoped for a revanchist war against Germany, and the clergy.

Boulanger made a number of militaristic speeches, at the same time making demagogic demands for a review of the constitution and the dissolution of parliament. The representative of a bloc of socially and politically diverse opposition elements, Boulanger reached the height of his career at the end of 1888 and the beginning of 1889, when he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. After Boulanger fled to Belgium in 1889, however, the movement quickly fell apart.

REFERENCE

Barlatier, P. L’aventure tragicomique de grand général Boulanger. Paris, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
6) The trilogy was completed by L'Appel au soldat (1900) and Leurs figures (1902), respectively concerned with Boulangism and the Panama Affair.
10 See, for example, Michael Burns, Rural Society and French Politics: Boulangism and the Dreyfus Affair, 1886-1900 (Princeton: Princeton Univ.
In addition to relegating "la force brutale [aux] hecatombes" (1516), to proposing a pacifist alternative to passe Boulangism and reactionary nationalism through a new model of national strength founded on science and intellectual acumen, it is also clear from both its primitive iteration in the macro-plan and its later development in the beginnings of a preparatory dossier that Justice, in philosophical terms, was to be Zola's treatise on a united Humanity without borders.
He begins by briefly listing the tumultuous events of the fin de siecle--Dreyfus, Panama, Boulangism and the various financial scandals--but declares that "it was perhaps the epoch's very uneventfulness that occasioned the dissatisfied introspection that would mark much of the literature written in those years" (p.
Sternhell, along with a number of American historians, found what he considered to be early forms of fascism or "proto-fascism"-fascism, in the development of mass politics toward the end of the nineteenth century: in the Boulangism of the late 1880s and nationalist leagues of the nineties, in the writings and politics of novelist cum populist Maurice Barres; in Georges Sorel's Reflections on Violence (1907) and his short period of association in 1912 with the "revolutionary nationalism" of the Cercle Proudhon.
The attraction to Boulangism and anarchism is not necessarily the result of a good "fit" between the ideology of these political movements and the esthetics of Symbolism.