boule


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boule

[bül]
(crystallography)
A pure crystal, such as silicon, having the atomic structure of a single crystal, formed synthetically by rotating a small seed crystal while pulling it slowly out of molten material in a special furnace.

Boule

 

(from the Greek word for council), in ancient Greece:

(1) In Homer’s narrative poems, the tribal council of nobles under the basileus.

(2) In the aristocratic and oligarchic poleis (until the beginning of the fifth century B.C.), the ruling council of the nobility or primarily wealthy citizens; membership was for life (the Gerousia in Sparta, the Areopagus in Athens, and others).

(3) In the democratic poleis, the supreme agency of executive power and state control, elected for a specific term; it prepared the agenda for the assembly. The boule at Athens was the best known. It was established by Solon in 594 B.C. and known as the council of400. It became the council of 500 under Cleisthenes (509 B.C.), and from 307 B.C. it was the council of 600. It was elected from the phylae, and from the middle of the fifth century B.C. members were chosen by lots. The boule was divided into ten committees, known as prytaneis, which operated on a rotation basis (each prytane performing its duties for a tenth of a year). From the fifth century B.C. the members of the boule (bouleutai)began to receive payment of one drachma a day.

boule

A plain-sawn log which has been reassembled in the original log form, but with spacers between adjacent slabs.

boule

An ingot of silicon that has a single crystal orientation. Pronounced "bool." See wafer and transistor.
References in periodicals archive ?
2] 7/30/10: GT ACQUIRES CRYSTAL SYSTEMS, TO MAKE SAPPHIRE CRYSTAL BOULES USED IN LED LIGHTING AND SMARTPHONES.
People understand that, if the Boule does not do it, who will?
If a game is really close, it's not unusual to see a team huddled around the boules, figuring out who should take on the task of trying to move one boule or another.
In later chapters, Boule examines how classrooms are typically passive learning environments that ignore the large mix of learning styles of individuals.
In this noteworthy work, Boule invites us to thoughtfully join the revolution already in progress.
Boule thinks that because both metformin and exercise act to lower glucose levels, the combination may have triggered a counter regulatory response by the body to prevent glucose levels dipping too much.
La femme, une de celles appelees galantes, etait celebre par son embonpoint precoce qui lui avait valu le surnom de Boule de suif.
AXED PC Danny McBeth and the stump of the tree; NEEDLE POINT Decorated tree on ridge at Ben Boule
His shot careens along the ground and smashes into the Baker's boule, which hurtles off into the bushes.
BOULE D'OR is worth supporting at a best-priced 14-1 with Ladbrokes in today's Betdirect.
RPC Halstead is producing a new 38mm closure, pigmented green, designed to complement the new boule design.
More than 3,000 archons (members) and archousai (wives) attended the Grand Boule Centennial Celebration, the largest gathering in the history of the fraternity, which is oftentimes called the Boule, meaning, in fraternity parlance, "a council of noblemen.