Boule


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boule

[bül]
(crystallography)
A pure crystal, such as silicon, having the atomic structure of a single crystal, formed synthetically by rotating a small seed crystal while pulling it slowly out of molten material in a special furnace.

Boule

 

(from the Greek word for council), in ancient Greece:

(1) In Homer’s narrative poems, the tribal council of nobles under the basileus.

(2) In the aristocratic and oligarchic poleis (until the beginning of the fifth century B.C.), the ruling council of the nobility or primarily wealthy citizens; membership was for life (the Gerousia in Sparta, the Areopagus in Athens, and others).

(3) In the democratic poleis, the supreme agency of executive power and state control, elected for a specific term; it prepared the agenda for the assembly. The boule at Athens was the best known. It was established by Solon in 594 B.C. and known as the council of400. It became the council of 500 under Cleisthenes (509 B.C.), and from 307 B.C. it was the council of 600. It was elected from the phylae, and from the middle of the fifth century B.C. members were chosen by lots. The boule was divided into ten committees, known as prytaneis, which operated on a rotation basis (each prytane performing its duties for a tenth of a year). From the fifth century B.C. the members of the boule (bouleutai)began to receive payment of one drachma a day.

boule

A plain-sawn log which has been reassembled in the original log form, but with spacers between adjacent slabs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vincent, who served as the first chair of the commission, said that the Boule is well positioned to "influence and help to move the agenda" when it comes to the plight of Black males.
ARC claims its furnaces can produce 300 kg sapphire boules without cracking.
Trying to knock a teammate's boule closer to the cochonnet is fine, and so is trying to knock the other team's boules out of contention.
The name does differentiate the game from its northern cousin--lejeu lyonnais--in which players throw a larger, heavier boule after a short run up to a restraining line.
Boule d'Or's two wins in Dubai last winter confirm that he can rise to the big occasion, and the main reason for opposition to him today presumably stems from the fact that he was decisively beaten in this race last year on his only previousstart on the all-weather.
For Boule, the recently discovered Piltdown Man (in reality a modern skull associated with an orangutan mandible) was a much more convincing ancestor.
Culled from the Claude and Rene Boule collection in Paris by curator Antoine Blanchette, and comprising some 150 works on paper dating from 1920 to 1924, this show provided remarkable evidence of how truly different each artist's individual interpretation of the Suprematist message really was.
For conference planners, teachers, program coordinators, and human resources professionals, Boule, a librarian, shows how camps, unconferences, and peer learning strategies can be more effective than traditional conferences for learning.
They discovered that the gene, called Boule, which is responsible for sperm production also, appears to be the only gene known to be exclusively required for sperm production from an insect to a mammal.
The closest boule to the cochonnet at the end of the round scores a point for the thrower's team.
BOULE ATELIER OPENS Boule Atelier, an offshoot and expansion of Boule patisserie (now closed but another location will open in Beverly Hills shortly) has opened at 408 N.