Boule

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boule

[bül]
(crystallography)
A pure crystal, such as silicon, having the atomic structure of a single crystal, formed synthetically by rotating a small seed crystal while pulling it slowly out of molten material in a special furnace.

Boule

 

(from the Greek word for council), in ancient Greece:

(1) In Homer’s narrative poems, the tribal council of nobles under the basileus.

(2) In the aristocratic and oligarchic poleis (until the beginning of the fifth century B.C.), the ruling council of the nobility or primarily wealthy citizens; membership was for life (the Gerousia in Sparta, the Areopagus in Athens, and others).

(3) In the democratic poleis, the supreme agency of executive power and state control, elected for a specific term; it prepared the agenda for the assembly. The boule at Athens was the best known. It was established by Solon in 594 B.C. and known as the council of400. It became the council of 500 under Cleisthenes (509 B.C.), and from 307 B.C. it was the council of 600. It was elected from the phylae, and from the middle of the fifth century B.C. members were chosen by lots. The boule was divided into ten committees, known as prytaneis, which operated on a rotation basis (each prytane performing its duties for a tenth of a year). From the fifth century B.C. the members of the boule (bouleutai)began to receive payment of one drachma a day.

boule

A plain-sawn log which has been reassembled in the original log form, but with spacers between adjacent slabs.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an early May 2014 release, GTAT declared it had "developed more advanced [advanced sapphire furnace] technology capable of producing boules significantly greater than 165 kg.
When the round ends, the team with the closest boule to the cochonnet gets a point for that, and more points if it also has additional boules that also are closer than the other team's efforts.
Although known widely as French boules, the game is played all over Europe and probably originated in ancient Greece.
HERE WE GO: Bob Binns, centre left, Pauline Buston and Jim Baillie are getting some practice in at the new boules pitch Pictures by IAN McINTYRE
Games like the disc golf and boules are entertaining but the football is awful.
Petanque is a type of boules where contestants aim to throw a metal ball as close to a smaller ball as possible.
A MAN has died after being hit by a petanque ball during a game of boules.
PAE[c]tanque is a form of boules where the goal is to throw metal balls as close as possible to a small wooden ball called a cochonnet (jack).
The game is similar in context to bowls, petanque or French boules.
It arcs out a couple of meters, hits the ground running, ricochets off a pebble, gently kisses one of the boules already on the ground (a shot called a bec, as in a peck on the cheek), and snuggles up to the wooden target, retaking the point for his team.
Bombing Middle England, a canvas showing boules players tossing bombs across a lawn, sold for pounds 102,000 at Sotheby's.
Other activities included Can Can dancing, French-style picnics and games of boules.