Houari Boumédienne

(redirected from Boumedienne)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Boumédienne, Houari


Born Aug. 16, 1925, in Guelma. Algerian political, military, and government figure. Colonel (1957).

Boumédienne was born into a peasant family. He was educated at the universities of Zaitouna in Tunis and Azhar in Egypt and is a teacher by profession. He taught Arabic in Cairo. In 1955 he returned clandestinely to Algeria and joined the Algerian people’s armed struggle against the French colonialists. In 1958 he was appointed commander of the rebel units in Oran Province. From 1960 to 1962 Boumédienne was a member of the National Council of the Algerian Revolution and chief of the general staff of the National Liberation Army. In 1962 he became minister of national defense of the Algerian People’s Democratic Republic (APDR), and from 1963 to 1965 he was also first vice-chairman of the Council of Ministers. Since June 19, 1965, he has been chairman of the Revolutionary Council and since July 10 simultaneously chairman of the Council of Ministers and minister of national defense of the APDR. Boumédienne visited the USSR in 1963, 1965, and 1967.

References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, Nouadhibou hosted a tripartite summit that brought together the late leaders Hassan II, President Houari Boumedienne of Algeria, and President Mokhtar Ould Dada of Mauritania.
Houari Boumedienne, launched the country into a decade of austere authoritarianism under the single-party rule of the National Liberation Front (FLN).
Not only terrorists, but even the president of Algeria, Houari Boumedienne, the man who ousted Ben Bella three years after Algerian independence, openly proclaimed on the same theme of radical Islamic conquest when he spoke at the 1974 UN General Assembly:
Former Algerian President Houari Boumedienne told us in a speech to the United Nations in 1974 what would happen to us in the future when he said, "The Muslim parents of terrorists had moved here, but not to be our friends.
The two Boeing 727's carrying the freed hostages and their baggage from Teheran landed at Algiers Houari Boumedienne airport early today.
In 1971, Algerian President Houari Boumedienne nationalised the hydrocarbon industry and Sonatrach (originally a transport company) became the sole operator.
Some note the historical frictions, starting from the socialist orientations of Ahmed Ben Bella in the late 1950s to the decision by Houari Boumedienne to cut links with the US during the 1967 Six-Day war.
10) The Soviet Union welcomed the Iraqi government's statement of 29 June 1966 on the recognition of Kurdish national and linguistic rights, and in July 1967 Iraqi President Abd-al Rahman Arif, together with President Houari Boumedienne of Algeria went to Moscow as representatives of the Cairo Arab summit conference after the June 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
Stone follows up with a study of the ideological evolution of Algeria from the brief presidency of Ferhat Abbas (1962) to the more rigorously socialist era of Ben Bella (1962-1965) and Boumedienne (1965-1978).
A long-serving foreign minister and top FLN official under president Houari Boumedienne (who ruled Algeria for much of the post-independence era till his death in 1978), Bouteflika was the preferred candidate of the military ahead of the April 1999 presidential elections.
Equally, today, young Algerians of voting age have yet to experience the elation of choosing a government via the ballot box, for, ever since independence in July 1962, political power has been the preserve of the National Liberation Front (the FLN) whose leaders, Ben Bella, Boumedienne and most recently, Chadli, brooked no opposition.