Bourges


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Bourges

(bo͞orzh), city (1990 pop. 78,773), capital of Cher dept., central France. It is a transportation center with foundries, arsenals, breweries, printing plants, and aeronautical and food industries. Known as Avaricum, Bourges was the Roman capital of Aquitania N of the Garonne River (see GaulGaul
, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
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). It early became an archiepiscopal see and the capital of BerryBerry
, former province, central France. Bourges, the capital, and Châteauroux are the chief towns. Cattle are raised on the Champagne Berrichonne, a semiarid plateau that covers most of the region. The valleys of the Indre and the Cher rivers are rich farming areas.
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. Charles VII resided there while most of France was in English hands. In 1438 he promulgated the pragmatic sanctionpragmatic sanction,
decision of state dealing with a matter of great importance to a community or a whole state and having the force of fundamental law. The term originated in Roman law and was used on the continent of Europe until modern times.
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 of bourges, which was revoked in 1461 by his son Louis XI, who was born in Bourges. Louis XI founded (1463) the Univ. of Bourges, where Jacques Cujas later taught; it was abolished in the French Revolution. The Cathedral of St. Etienne (13th cent.), one of the glories of French Gothic, is remarkable in that it has no transept. Jacques Cœur, whose splendid house still stands, and Louis Bourdaloue were born in Bourges.

Bourges

 

a city in central France at the confluence of the Yèvre and Auron rivers; a port on the Berry Canal, which links Bourges with the Loire. It is the administrative center of the department of Cher. The population is 70, 800 (1968). Bourges is a transportation center. The city’s industry is represented by machine building, including aircraft building, the production of instruments, leather and food enterprises, and sawmills. Bourges is the center of the historic province of Berry.

Bourges

a city in central France. Pop.: 72 480 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
One highlight was a visit to the Marais de Bourges - the marshes on the outskirts of Bourges - effectively a cross between Venice and allotment plots.
MEET Little Miss Bourges - the veteran racing pigeon who has delighted her owner for more than 15 years.
Founded in 1912 in Bourges, France and family-owned for three generations, Monin is the premier provider of flavoring products for creating specialty beverages.
Un complexe princier de l'age du Fer: l'habitat du promontoire de Bourges (Cher) (VIe-IVe s.
The Itineraria details Secundus's travel from Mechlin to Bourges where he studied law with Alciati (1532), his return home (1533), and his journey to Spain (1533).
College representatives from the French town of Bourges and Spain's capital, Madrid, visited Redcar for four days to discuss how the partnership will evolve.
The first firing of the completed Milan ER wire-guided, land missile system was carried out in Bourges, France in October 2006.
Her pal Punch also went missing on the journey from Bourges.
For Enghien-les-Bains, a small spa town just north of Paris, Nationale Zero was appropriately transformed into an "exhibition route" starting at the town's Centre des Arts (stretches one through three, by Meyer, Pascal Aimar, and Mat Jacob), continuing at the Centre Culturel Francois Villon (four through seven, by Olivier Culmann, Gilles Coulon, Philippe Lopparelli, and Patrick Tourneboeuf), and winding up at the local Mediatheque (eight through ten, by Denis Bourges, Caty Jan, and Thierry Ardouin).
Etienne at Bourges, which Ribault justly styles "un chef d'oeuvre gothique" (a Gothic masterpiece), (1) did not escape the Huguenot depredations of 1562.
Graduating at 17 years old, Charles went on to study at the famous Jesuit University at Rheims for a year, and then for another year and a half to study law at Bourges.