Boutros Boutros-Ghali


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Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

(bo͞o`trōs, gä`lē), 1922–2016, Egyptian statesman, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1992–96). Born into a politically connected Coptic Christian family, he earned degrees in law at the universities of Cairo (LL.B., 1946) and Paris (Ph.D., 1949). He was (1949–79) professor of international relations at Cairo Univ. A member of numerous academic and diplomatic organizations, he was present (1978) at the Egypt-Israel Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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 negotiations. He also served as Egypt's delegate to the United Nations and other international bodies and conferences. A member of the Egyptian parliament (1987–91), Boutros-Ghali became Egypt's minister of state for foreign affairs (1977–91) and deputy prime minister for foreign affairs (1991). The first African and Arab head of the United Nations, he moved to reorganize and streamline the UN Secretariat and strengthen the UN's peacekeeping role, but failed to adequately deal with civil war in Somalia and genocides in Rwanda and Bosnia. In 1996, after severe policy disagreements, mainly with the United States, he was unable to secure a second term. He served as secretary-general of La FrancophonieFrancophonie, La,
officially the International Organization of the Francophonie,
Fr. Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), an intergovernmental organization of mainly French-speaking nations that promotes the education and culture of French
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, an organization of French-speaking nations, from 1997 to 2002, and later was chairman of South Centre, overseeing research for developing countries.

Bibliography

See his Egypt's Road to Jerusalem (1997) and Unvanquished: A U.S.-UN Saga (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
I worked for three Secretaries-General--Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru, Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt and Kofi Annan of Ghana.
Cahill's patients have included Pope John Paul ll and Fidel Castro, and he counts former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali as a personal friend.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, a former UN secretary-general, added his perspective on the situation, saying the assault on Gaza "is a present the Israelis gave to the fundamentalists".
Prominent Fulbright alumni include Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Umberto Eco, Milton Friedman, Javier Solana, Vaino Linna, Leif Segerstam and Max Jakobson.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, "Democracy: A Newly Recognized Imperative," Global Governance 1, no.
Sevan allegedly received bribes linked to his job worth US$147,184 from 1998-2002, funnelled via a brother-in-law of former UN secretary general Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Efraim (Fred) Nadler.
Former United Nations secretary general Boutros Boutros-Ghali today defended the UN's Iraqi oil-for-food prog-ramme, insisting that it was a success.
It was Boutros Boutros-Ghali who was the secretary-general.
Annan, who was in charge of UN peacekeeping in 1994 under then-Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, said he was 'incredulous' and 'surprised' to learn that a black box had been found at the UN headquarters in New York.
Former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said he was warned on his first day at work that his office and home would be bugged.
Journal contributors are drawn from a diverse group of academics and practitioners including some of the world's most respected international experts: Hannah Arendt, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Willy Brandt, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Domingo Cavallo, W.
AS ENDLESSLY hysterical as ``Da Ali G Show'' is, an equally amusing story must go on behind the scenes - how the series' producers manage to secure face time with the likes of former Attorney General Dick Thornberg, former United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali and Gen.