Boutros Boutros-Ghali


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Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

(bo͞o`trōs, gä`lē), 1922–2016, Egyptian statesman, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1992–96). Born into a politically connected Coptic Christian family, he earned degrees in law at the universities of Cairo (LL.B., 1946) and Paris (Ph.D., 1949). He was (1949–79) professor of international relations at Cairo Univ. A member of numerous academic and diplomatic organizations, he was present (1978) at the Egypt-Israel Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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 negotiations. He also served as Egypt's delegate to the United Nations and other international bodies and conferences. A member of the Egyptian parliament (1987–91), Boutros-Ghali became Egypt's minister of state for foreign affairs (1977–91) and deputy prime minister for foreign affairs (1991). The first African and Arab head of the United Nations, he moved to reorganize and streamline the UN Secretariat and strengthen the UN's peacekeeping role, but failed to adequately deal with civil war in Somalia and genocides in Rwanda and Bosnia. In 1996, after severe policy disagreements, mainly with the United States, he was unable to secure a second term. He served as secretary-general of La FrancophonieFrancophonie, La,
officially the International Organization of the Francophonie,
Fr. Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), an intergovernmental organization of mainly French-speaking nations that promotes the education and culture of French
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, an organization of French-speaking nations, from 1997 to 2002, and later was chairman of South Centre, overseeing research for developing countries.

Bibliography

See his Egypt's Road to Jerusalem (1997) and Unvanquished: A U.S.-UN Saga (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
The death of Boutros Boutros-Ghali is a great loss not only to Egypt, but also to the entire Arab nation," wrote Caid Essebsi, paying tribute to "an experienced diplomat who dedicated himself to the service of peace and security in the region and in the world.
Ban, who is from South Korea, would become the third UN head to visit Pyongyang in his official capacity, following Kurt Waldheim in 1979 and Boutros Boutros-Ghali in 1993, it said.
Politicians who have been awarded with it include US President (1992-2000) Bill Clinton, former US Secretary of State (1973-1977) Henry Kissinger, former UK ex-PM Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990) and UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
In fact, he suggests, the truth is much closer to the words of former United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, "The genocide in Rwanda was 100 percent the responsibility of the Americans.
Ban is the second UN secretary-general to visit Auschwitzthe first was Boutros Boutros-Ghali, who toured the concentration camp in 1995.
BIRTHDAYS: Boutros Boutros-Ghali, former UN secretary-general, 90; PJ O''Rourke, writer, 65; The Prince Of Wales, pictured, 64; Bernard Hinault, cyclist - five-time winner of the Tour de France, 58; Letitia Dean, actress, 45; Adam Gilchrist, cricketer, 41; Russell Tovey, actor, 31.
Le president du Conseil national des droits de l'Homme (CND), Dr Boutros Boutros-Ghali a envoye au president nouvellement elu Dr Mohamed Morsi, le huitieme rapport annuel sur la condition des droits de l'Homme en Egypte, se rapportant sur l'annee 2011.
It is custom in the UN for a secretary-general to sit for two terms, although American pressure saw Egyptian Boutros Boutros-Ghali ousted after just one in 1996 over his handling of the Bosnian war.
He is the first chief of the world body to visit Cambodia since Boutros Boutros-Ghali did so in 1993.
Cahill's patients have included Pope John Paul ll and Fidel Castro, and he counts former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali as a personal friend.
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, "Democracy: A Newly Recognized Imperative," Global Governance 1, no.
This pamphlet, written by members of the European Parliament's four major political groups with the support of former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, advocates for a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly.