Bow


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Bow

(bō), river, 315 mi (507 km) long, rising in the Rocky Mts., S Alta., Canada, and flowing SE through Banff National Park. It emerges from the mountains in the Bow River Pass and continues past Calgary southeastward across the plains to its junction with the Belly River to form the South Saskatchewan River. Several dams have been built along the Bow, most notably the Bassano or Horseshoe Bend Dam (built 1912).

bow

(bō), implement used in playing stringed instruments. Its name originated from the fact that in its early form it resembled an archer's bow, but by the 17th cent. the European bow had gradually become flat. The violin bow received its definitive form during the period from 1775 to 1781 at the hands of François Tourte (1747–1835). He made the bow of brazilwood (Pernambuco wood), gave it a slightly concave curvature, and invented the device by which the horsehairs are held in place and tightened. The cello and the double bass are played with a bow that is shorter, broader, and heavier than the violin bow.

Bow

 

a hand weapon for shooting arrows.

The bow was used by virtually all tribes and peoples of the world (except for the indigenous inhabitants of Australia and Micronesia) from the Mesolithic period until the 17th century. (Some peoples use them still in the 20th century.) The simple bow was a piece of wood bent into an arc with the ends connected by a bowstring. It was used by the peoples of South Africa, South America, and Melanesia and was common among the Romans, ancient Germans, Normans, and Anglo-Saxons.

The composite bow consisted of a wooden base that had sinews glued on its outer side and pieces of horn on the inside. The middle and ends of the handle sometimes had bone overlays. It was stronger than the simple bow and surpassed it in range of fire; it was used by the peoples of the ancient Orient. On the territory of the USSR the composite bow was known in the first millennium B.C. among the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes, the Huns of the Transbaikal region, and the Middle Asian peoples. The ancient Russian bow was of the complex type. It was used by foot soldiers and cavalry. In the Middle Ages the bow coexisted and competed with the firearm for an extended period. Archery is one of the most ancient types of sport.


Bow

 

(or prow), the forward extremity of a ship. The structures of a ship that adjoin the stem are usually referred to as the bow; sometimes the term refers only to the outline of the forward extremity. The shape of the bow depends on the function and dimensions of the vessel; the shape of the forward outline affects such operating characteristics as the drag of the water, the ability to mount waves, and ice-breaking performance.


Bow

 

a wooden rod with a number of horsehairs stretched from end to end. It is used to produce sound from stringed instruments.

bow

[bau̇]
(aerospace engineering)
The forward section of an aircraft.
(architecture)
A part of a building shaped as an arc or a polygon and projecting from a straight wall.
(materials)
The distortion of lumber in which there is a deviation from a straight line in a direction perpendicular to the flat face.
(naval architecture)
The forward part of a ship.

bow

bow, 1
1. The longitudinal curvature of a rod, bar, or piece of tubing or lumber.
2. A flexible rod for laying large curves to any desired curvature.
3. Old English term for flying buttress.

bow

1
1. a weapon for shooting arrows, consisting of an arch of flexible wood, plastic, metal, etc. bent by a string (bowstring) fastened at each end
2. a long slightly curved stick across which are stretched strands of horsehair, used for playing the strings of a violin, viola, cello, or related instrument
3. US
a. a frame of a pair of spectacles
b. a sidepiece of the frame of a pair of spectacles that curls round behind the ear
4. a metal ring forming the handle of a pair of scissors or of a large old-fashioned key
5. Architect part of a building curved in the form of a bow

bow

2
1. Chiefly nautical
a. the forward end or part of a vessel
b. (as modifier): the bow mooring line
2. Rowing short for bowman
3. on the port (or starboard) bow Nautical within 45 degrees to the port (or starboard) of straight ahead
References in classic literature ?
At length he made a step forward, and raising the bow at the full stretch of his left arm, till the centre or grasping-place was nigh level with his face, he drew his bowstring to his ear.
Every time he twanged the string of the long bow against his shoulder and heard the gray goose shaft sing, it told him of happy days that he could not recall.
Listen to me you suitors, who persist in abusing the hospitality of this house because its owner has been long absent, and without other pretext than that you want to marry me; this, then, being the prize that you are contending for, I will bring out the mighty bow of Ulysses, and whomsoever of you shall string it most easily and send his arrow through each one of twelve axes, him will I follow and quit this house of my lawful husband, so goodly, and so abounding in wealth.
At last he went to the judge, and complained that a rascal had robbed him of his money, and beaten him into the bargain; and that the fellow who did it carried a bow at his back and a fiddle hung round his neck.
In his hand was his slender bow to which he had fitted one of his death dealing arrows.
Then one of them, with his mouth full, called out to Robin, "Hulloa, where goest thou, little lad, with thy one-penny bow and thy farthing shafts?
Prince Vasili without acknowledging the bow turned to Anna Mikhaylovna, answering her query by a movement of the head and lips indicating very little hope for the patient.
Upon its bow was emblazoned the signia of a lesser noble of a far city of the empire of Helium.
The old Munchkin immediately came to life and with a low bow to the Wizard said: "Thanks.
During our flight from Phutra I had restrung my bow with a piece of heavy gut taken from a huge tiger which Ghak and I had worried and finally dispatched with arrows, spear, and sword.
Unfastening the rope that had moored it to the tree, Jane pushed frantically upon the bow of the heavy canoe, but for all the results that were apparent she might as well have been attempting to shove the earth out of its orbit.
We all recognise," he added, with a bow, "the necessities which force the most famous of us to live sometimes in the shadow of anonymity.