Bowie, James

Bowie, James

(bo͞o`ē, bō`ē), c.1796–1836, American frontiersman, b. Logan co., Ky. With his brother, Rezin, he engaged in land speculation in Louisiana and Arkansas. In Texas from 1828, Bowie became a leader of American settlers who opposed the Mexican government and joined in the Nacogdoches disturbances of 1832. When the Texas revolution began in 1835, he was appointed colonel; he died at the AlamoAlamo, the
[Span.,=cottonwood], building in San Antonio, Tex., "the cradle of Texas liberty." Built as a chapel after 1744, it is all that remains of the mission of San Antonio de Valero, which was founded in 1718 by Franciscans and later converted into a fortress.
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. The legend attributing the bowie knife to his invention is disputed.

Bibliography

See C. L. Douglas, James Bowie (1944); R. W. Thorp, Bowie Knife (1948); W. C. Davis, Three Roads to the Alamo (1998).

Bowie, James

(1799–1836) pioneer, soldier; born in Burke County, Ga. A large landholder on the Texas frontier, he was an adventurer whose name was given to a type of knife he allegedly invented. In 1835–36 he led American volunteers against the Mexican Army in Texas and was killed, along with the other 182 defenders, in the siege of the Alamo.
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