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in music, the elicitation of sounds from a stringed instrument by means of a bow. Sounds may be produced by a variety of techniques, including détaché, in which the bow is moved alternately up and down to produce staccato sounds, and legato, in which a series of uninterrupted sounds are produced by a continuous movement of the bow. Bowing technique imparts a different character to the sound. The technique to be used is indicated by the composer, or the player himself applies the bowing appropriate to the phrasing of the piece. [The Russian term for bowing—shtrikhi—is used broadly to refer to the production of sound on bowed stringed instruments, wind and percussion instruments, and the piano; in this wider sense it is roughly equivalent to “execution.”]