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Boy Scouts,organization of boys 11 to 17 years old, founded (1907) in Great Britain by Sir Robert (later Lord) Baden-Powell It was incorporated in 1910 in the United States, where its appearance was connected with earlier organizations—the Sons of Daniel Boone, organized by Daniel Carter BeardBeard, Daniel Carter,
1850–1941, American illustrator and naturalist, b. Cincinnati, Ohio, studied at the Art Students League, New York City. He illustrated many books (among them the first edition of Mark Twain's Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur's Court
..... Click the link for more information. , and the Woodcraft Indians, organized by Ernest Thompson SetonSeton, Ernest Thompson,
1860–1946, American writer and artist, b. England. His name was originally Ernest Seton Thompson. His stories and paintings of wildlife, especially Wild Animals I Have Known (1898, new ed.
..... Click the link for more information. . In the United States, James E. West was chief scout during the organization's early years (1911–43). The movement spread throughout most of the world, with the organization and program basically the same in every country. Worldwide membership is estimated at 25 million. The first international gathering of Boy Scouts, called a jamboree, was held in London in 1920. The Scouts are intended to be nonmilitary and without racial, religious, political, or class distinctions. The Supreme Court affirmed the organization's right to limit membership to those who believe in God in 1993 and its right to exclude homosexuals in 2000, a policy that has been controversial in some areas. The Boy Scouts subsequently voted to admit openly gay youths (2013) and permit gay adult leaders (2015; Scout units sponsored by religious groups were exempted). Activities of the Boy Scouts aim at mental, moral, and physical development, stressing outdoor skills and training in citizenship and lifesaving. The basic scout unit is a troop of about 15 boys, under the leadership of an adult scoutmaster. Adjunct programs of the Boy Scouts include boys and young men 7 to 20 years old. See also Girl ScoutsGirl Scouts,
recreational and service organization founded (1912) in Savannah, Ga., by Juliette Gordon Low. It was originally modeled after the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, organizations created in Great Britain by Sir Robert Baden-Powell during the early 20th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See E. Nicholson, Education and the Boy Scout Movement in America (1941, repr. 1973).
organization of boys dedicated to community service and character building. [Am. and Br. Hist.: NCE, 350]
See: Aid, Organizational
youth organization, ever ready to perform good deeds. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 59]