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see elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
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; Bose-Einstein statisticsBose-Einstein statistics,
class of statistics that applies to elementary particles called bosons, which include the photon, pion, and the W and Z particles. Bosons have integral values of the quantum mechanical property called spin and are "gregarious" in the sense that an
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bose particle, a particle with zero or integral spin. Bosons obey Bose-Einstein statistics (hence the designation of the particle). Bosons include light quanta, or photons (spin 1); quanta of the gravitational field (if such exist), or gravi-tons (spin 2); unstable elementary particles such as mesons and boson resonances; and also compound particles made up of an even number of fermions (particles of half-integral spin)—for example, atomic nuclei with an even total number of protons and neutrons (a deuteron, a 4He nucleus or alpha particle, and so on); and gas molecules. Bosons are also quasi-particles of integral (or zero) spin—for example, pho-nons in the solid state and in liquid 4He and excitons in semiconductors and dielectrics.



(statistical mechanics)
A particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics; includes photons, pi mesons, and all nuclei having an even number of particles and all particles with integer spin.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Bozon and prosector Patrick Quincy said the inquiry had concluded that all safety procedures had been respected.
En Francia, cuando levantaron la encuesta nacional de sexualidad incluyeron dentro del equipo de campo a psicologos que daban asistencia a los entrevistadores (Bajos y Bozon, 2008).
En: Arredondo A, Goldstein E, Olivera MP, Bozon M, Giraud M, Messiah A.
The Richard Bozon Sports Complex contains a rock climbing wall, ice rink, spa and two outdoor heated pools.
Bozon M Characteristics of the population researched, in; Heilborn ML et al.
Sin embargo, las ciencias sociales, particularmente la Sociologia y la Antropologia, han aportado diversas herramientas teoricas para el entendimiento de la sexualidad como una construccion sociocultural (Caplan, 1987; Bozon y Leridon, 1996; Foucault, 1993; Weeks, 1998a, 1998b, 1998c, 1995, 1994), desdibujando asi los discursos que naturalizan los cuerpos e insisten en la perspectiva de riesgo.
Se cita frecuentemente la version francesa de Michel Bozon y Frederic Berthet, en la revista Communications No.
Par exemple, a partir d'un modele econometrique complexe, Dormont et Dufour-Kippelen (2000) ont observe une association nette entre la precarite professionnelle et le report de l'autonomie residentielle, faisant ainsi echo a maintes etudes en lien avec cette problematique (Whittington et Peters 1996; Cote et Allahar 1996; Bozon et Villeneuve-Gokalp 1995; Galland 1984).
Erix Bozon Martinez en calidad de Rector encargado de la Universidad El Bosque de Colombia, sujetando a mutuo acuerdo las areas de cooperacion, que incluiran cualquier programa ofrecido por alguna de las dos instituciones, que se considere factible y de interes para cualquiera de las dos partes y que, segun ambas, contribuya al fomento y desarrollo de las relaciones de cooperacion entre las dos universidades.
12) This jouissance is represented metaphorically as a double movement, as Michel Bozon rightly observes; (12) a movement inward towards what appears to be the limitless depths of the most intimate self, a place of complete isolation and solitude to which the narrator likes to retreat and in which she finds solace; this plunge inward then allows for a movement outward that offers an extremely pleasurable illusion of fusion with the other, the world, the universe.