Henry de Bracton

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Bracton, Henry de,

d. 1268, English writer on law. He was the author of De legibus et consuetudinibus Angliae [on the laws and customs of England], a broad, philosophic treatise that is often called the most important work on English law before that of Sir William BlackstoneBlackstone, Sir William,
1723–80, English jurist. At first unsuccessful in legal practice, he turned to scholarship and teaching. He became (1758) the first Vinerian professor of law at Oxford, where he inaugurated courses in English law.
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. Sir Edward CokeCoke, Sir Edward
, 1552–1634, English jurist, one of the most eminent in the history of English law. He entered Parliament in 1589 and rose rapidly, becoming solicitor general and speaker of the House of Commons. In 1593 he was made attorney general.
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 and others used the work in their legal arguments against the king in the English civil war.

Bibliography

See edition of De legibus by G. E. Woodbine (4 vol., 1915–42); edition of Bracton's notebook by F. W. Maitland (3 vol., 1887).

Bracton, Henry de

 

(Bratton). Date of birth unknown; died 1268. English jurist. Systematizer of 13th-century English common law.

Beginning in 1245, Bracton was a royal itinerant judge; later he was made a judge of the Court of King’s Bench. Bracton was a defender of the privileges of the feudal aristocracy. In the treatise On the Laws and Customs of England, compiled basically between 1250 and 1256, he laid the legal foundation for the attempt by the lords to strengthen and increase their exploitation of the villeins. Bracton equated the villeins with ancient Roman slaves; in accordance with this, he defined their property status and personal status on the estate.

WORKS

Bracton’s Notebook, vols. 1–3. London, 1887.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bracton said, `No crime is accomplished except that the desire to harm intercede' and courts routinely exonerated insane defendants.
The greatest of Catholic jurisprudents, Henri de Bracton, thought slavery was contrary to natural law, but accepted it as an institution of the law of nations; he merely copied the great Catholic lawgiver, Justinian.
24) Aussi n'est-il guere etonnant que, s'etalant sur plusieurs siecles, la lignee des grands auteurs en common law est aussi une lignee de juges : Ranulf de Glanvill (1112-1190), Henry de Bracton (1210-1268), Thomas de Littleton (1407-1481) et Edward Coke (1552-
at 349; see also HENR1CI DE BRACTON, DE LEGIBUS ET CONSUETUD1NIBUS ANGLIAE f.
Common and Chancery Law 25 Acts of Parliament 9 Magna Carta 8 Administrative Practice 5 Constitutional Law 5 English History 4 English Declaration of Right 2 Anglo-Saxon Law 1 Royal Decrees 1 Unspecified 14 Subtotal 74 Appendix 3: Enlightenment Thinkers and English Jurists Enlightenment Thinkers/ JJ JR OE JM RT SC MW MF English Jurists Blackstone 2 4 6 3 3 1 2 Lord Coke 1 2 4 1 1 Emerich de Vattel 1 1 3 2 1 Francis Bacon 3 1 1 Chitty 2 1 Comyns 1 2 Cornelis van Bynkershoek 3 Hale 1 2 Montesquieu 1 Adam Smith 1 1 Azuni 2 Bracton 1 1 Burlamaqui 2 Fleta 1 1 Grotius 2 Hawkins 2 Sir James Mackintosh 1 1 Thomas Rutherforth 2 Beawes 1 Bonnemont 1 Bouchart 1 Calvinus 1 Camillus 1 Casaregis 1 Co.
Coke, in Gardiner's words, "replied by quoting the well-known maxim of Bracton, that the King ought not to be under any man, but under God and the law.
GET UR FREAK ON is a new R&B compilation CD that crams in 38 tracks from the likes of Jennifer Lopez, Craig David, Boyz II Men, En Vogue, Shola Ama, Toni Bracton, Mark Morrison, Angie Stone, Missy Elliott, Brandy, Blackstreet, Mark Morison and newcomers Blazin' Squad.
While the ancient philosopher Plato and some early Christians believed a person was just as guilty of a crime whether he or she was thinking about it or committing it, 12th century common law scholar Henri de Bracton succeeded in arguing against criminal liability when there was no harm.
Classical and medieval Latin texts used "raptus" for both abduction and rape; however, legal treatises such as Bracton (c.
Although the Magna Carta and other legal documents do not address double jeopardy, works by Glanville and Bracton discuss the prohibition against multiple prosecutions as it relates to trials by ordeal.
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